Zhongfeng XU, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Address: 40# Huayanli Qijiahuozi, Chaoyang District, Beijing
Postcode: 100029


ResearcherID: F-8895-2017

orcid: 0000-0002-1274-6438

Research Areas

Land-atmosphere Interaction, Climate Model Evaluation, Dynamical Downscaling, Climate Change,


Sep, 2001 -- Jun 2006  Ph.D Department of Atmospheric Sciences, Nanjing University. 
Sep, 1997 -- June 2001 Bsc Department of Atmospheric Sciences, Nanjing University


Jan 2020 --                  Professor, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences

May 2012 --Dec 2019  Associate Professor, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Jan 2011 -- Dec 2011   Postdoc, The University of Texas at Austin.
Jul 2008 -- Apr 2012     Assistant Professor, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences.
Jul 2006 -- Jun 2008     Postdoc, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences.




    Huang Fang, Zhongfeng Xu*, Weidong Guo, Jinming Feng, Liang Chen, Hui Zheng, Congbin Fu, 2023: Relative contributions of internal variability and external forcing to the inter-decadal transition of climate patterns in East Asia. npj Clim Atmos Sci 6, 21.

    Peng Jing*, Kai Li*, Li Dan, Xiba Tang, Zhongfeng Xu, Liwei Zou, Hui Zheng, Taotao Zhang, 2023: Sea–air coupling leads to a decrease in precipitation in East Asia under present day conditions that is partially alleviated in future simulations. npj Clim Atmos Sci 6, 174.


    Zhang Weiyue, Zhongfeng Xu*, Weidong Guo, 2022: Investigating the relative contribution of anthropogenic increase in GHG and LULCC to Asian climate: a dynamical downscaling study. International Journal of Climatology,

    Zhang Meng-Zhuo, Zhongfeng Xu*, Ying Han, Weidong Guo, 2022: Evaluation of CMIP6 Models toward dynamical downscaling over 14 CORDEX domains. Clim. Dyn. DOI:

    Han Ying, Meng-Zhuo Zhang, Zhongfeng Xu*, Weidong Guo, 2022: Assessing the performance of 33 CMIP6 models in simulating the large-scale environmental fields of tropical cyclones. Clim. Dyn. 58, 1683–1698

    Liu Ying Lung, Chi-Yung Tam*, Hang Wai Tong, Kevin Cheung, Zhongfeng Xu, 2022: Investigating future changes in precipitation interannual variability and extremes over Southern China. International Journal of Climatology,

    Luo Meng, Jinming Feng*, Zhongfeng Xu, Jun Wang, Li Dan, 2022: Numerical simulation and cause analysis of persistent summer drought during the 1920s in eastern China. Sci. China Earth Sci.,

    Jinlin Zha, Cheng Shen, Deming Zhao*, Jinming Feng, Zhongfeng Xu, Jian Wu, Wenxuan Fan, Meng Luo, and Liya Zhang, 2022: Contributions of External Forcing and Internal Climate Variability to Changes in the Summer Surface Air Temperature Over East Asia. J. Climate,


    Zhongfeng Xu*, Ying Han, Chi-Yung Tam, Zong-Liang Yang, Congbin Fu, 2021: Bias-corrected CMIP6 global dataset for dynamical downscaling of the historical and future climate (19792100). Scientific Data,

    Zhang Meng-Zhuo, Zhongfeng Xu*, Ying Han, and Weidong Guo, 2021: An improved multivariable  integrated evaluation method and tool (MVIETool) v1.0 for multimodel intercomparison, Geosci. Model Dev.

    Lv Meizhao, Zong-Liang Yang*, Zhongfeng Xu*, Li Dan*, Meixia Lv, 2021: A soil moisture-dependent method to simulate water table depth and proportions of surface and subsurface runoff and its validation at basin scale. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos, 126, e2020JD033661.

    Lv Meizhao, Zhongfeng Xu*, Zong-Liang Yang*, Hui Lu & Meixia Lv, 2021: A comprehensive review of specific yield in land surface and groundwater studies. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 13, e2020MS002270.

    Lv Meizhao, Zhongfeng Xu*, Meixia Lv, 2021: Evaluating Hydrological Processes of the Atmosphere–Vegetation Interaction Model and MERRA-2 at Global Scale. Atmosphere, 12, 16.

    Dai Danqiong, Liang Chen*, Zhuguo Ma, Zhongfeng Xu, 2021: Evaluation of the WRF physics ensemble using a multivariable integrated evaluation approach over the Haihe river basin in northern China. Clim Dyn,

    Fei Wenli, Hui Zheng*, Zhongfeng Xu, Wen-Ying Wu, Peirong Lin, Ye Tian, Mengyao Guo, Dunxian She, Lingcheng Li, Kai Li, Zong-Liang Yang*, 2021:  Ensemble Skill Gains Obtained From the Multi‐Physics Versus Multi‐Model Approaches for Continental‐Scale Hydrological Simulations. Water Resources Research,

    Qiu Yuan, Feng Jinming*, Wang Jun, Yongkang Xue, Xu Zhongfeng, 2021: Memory of land surface and subsurface temperature (LST/SUBT) initial anomalies over Tibetan Plateau in different land models. Clim Dyn,


    Xu Zhongfeng, Fang Huang, Qi Liu, Congbin Fu*, 2020: Global pattern of historical and future changes in rapid temperature variability. Environmental Research Letters.

    Huang Fang, Zhongfeng Xu*, Weidong Guo, 2020: The linkage between CMIP5 climate models’ abilities to simulate precipitation and vector winds. Climate Dynamics,

    Lv MeiZhao, Zhongfeng Xu*, Zong-Liang Yang, 2020: Cloud resolving WRF simulations of precipitation and soil moisture over the central Tibetan Plateau: an assessment of various physics options. Earth and Space Science,

    Bian Qingyun, Zhongfeng Xu, Hui Zheng, Kai Li, Jingjing Liang, Wenli Fei, Chunxiang Shi, Shuai Zhang, and Zong-Liang Yang* (2020). Multiscale changes in snow over the Tibetan Plateau during 1980–2018 represented by reanalysis data sets and satellite observations. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 125,

    Zheng Hui, Zong-Liang Yang*, Peirong Lin, Wen-Ying Wu, Lingcheng Li, Zhongfeng Xu, Jiangfeng Wei, Long Zhao, Qingyun Bian, and Shu Wang, 2020: Falsification-oriented signature-based evaluation for guiding the development of land surface models and the enhancement of observations. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 12, e2020MS002132.

    Luo Meng., Jinming Feng*, Zhongfeng Xu, Liang Chen, Jun Wang, Yongli Wang, et al., 2020: Decadal wintertime temperature changes in East Asia during 19582001 and the contributions of internal ariability and external forcing. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 125,


    XU Zhongfeng*, Ying HAN, and Zongliang YANG, 2019: Dynamical downscaling of regional climate: A review of methods and limitations. Science China Earth Sciences 129. [徐忠峰, 韩瑛, 杨宗良, 2019: 区域气候动力降尺度方法研究综述.中国科学:地球科学, ]

    XU Zhongfeng*, Ying HAN, 2019: Comments on ‘DISO: A rethink of Taylor diagram’. International Journal of Climatology.40, 2506-2510.

    HUANG Fang, Zhongfeng XU*, Weidong GUO, 2019: Evaluating vector winds in the Asian-Australian monsoon region simulated by 37 CMIP5 models. Climate Dynamics, 53: 491.

    Bian Qingyun, Zhongfeng XU, Long ZHAO, Yongfei ZHANG, Hui ZHENG, Chunxiang SHI, Shuai ZHANG,  Conghui XIE, Zong-liang YANG*, 2019: Evaluation and Intercomparison of Multiple Snow Water Equivalent Products over the Tibetan Plateau. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 20, 2043–2055.

    Luo Meng, Jinming Feng*, Zhongfeng Xu, Yongli Wang, Li Dan, 2019: Evaluating the performance of five twentieth-century reanalysis datasets in reproducing the severe drought in northern China during the 1920s-1930s, Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 137, 187-199

    HU Zuheng, Zhongfeng XU, Zhuguo MA*, Rezaul MAHMOOD, Zong-Liang YANG, 2019: Potential surface hydrologic responses to increases in greenhouse gas concentrations and land use and land cover changes. International Journal of Climatology,


    LV Meizhao, Hui LU*, Kun YANG, Zhongfeng XU, Meixia LV, Xiaomeng HUANG, 2018: Assessment of runoff components simulated by GLDAS against UNH-GRDC Dataset at global and hemispheric scales. Water, 10, 969,

 胡祖恒, 徐忠峰, 马柱国*. 2018: 地区不同温室气体背景下土地利用/覆盖变化的气候效应 [J]. 气候与环境研究, 23 (2): 176-184.


    XU Zhongfeng*, Ying HAN, Congbin FU, 2017: Multivariable Integrated Evaluation of Model Performance with the Vector Field Evaluation Diagram. Geosci. Model Dev., 10, 38053820,

    XU Zhongfeng*, Zong-Liang YANG, 2017: Relative impacts of increased greenhouse gas concentrations and land cover change on the surface climate in arid and semi-arid regions of China. Climatic Change,

    YANG Qing, Zhuguo MA*, Xingang FAN, Zong-Liang YANG, Zhongfeng XU, and Peili WU, 2017: Decadal modulation of precipitation patterns over eastern China by Sea surface temperature anomalies. J. Climate, 30, 7017–7033,

  胡祖恒,徐忠峰,马柱国*2017: 北半球温室气体和土地利用/覆盖变化对地面气温日较差的影响.气象,43(12): 14531460


       XU Zhongfeng*, Zhaolu HOU#, Ying HAN, Weidong GUO, 2016: A diagram for evaluating multiple aspects of model performance in simulating vector fields, Geosci. Model Dev.,

    ZHANG Weiyue, Zhongfeng XU*, Weidong GUO, 2016: The Impacts of Land-Use and Land-Cover Change on Tropospheric Temperatures at Global and Regional Scales. Earth Interactions, 20(7), 1–23,


     XU Zhongfeng and Yang Zong-Liang*, 2015:  A new dynamical downscaling approach with GCM bias corrections and spectral nudging. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos, 120,

     XU Zhongfeng, Rezaul MAHMOOD, Zong-Liang YANG, Congbin FU*, Hua SU, 2015: Investigating diurnal and seasonal climatic response to land use and land cover change over monsoon Asia with the Community Earth System Model. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 120,

    徐忠峰,张炜月,郭维栋*2015:大尺土地利用变化对区域气温及其变率的影响. 中国基础科学, 5, 34-39


    HU Zuheng, Zhongfeng XU*, Ningfang ZHOU, Zhuguo MA, Guoping LI, 2014: Evaluation of the WRF model with different land surface schemes: A drought event simulation in Southwest China during 2009-10. Atmos. Oceanic. Sci. Lett., 7, 168-173,


    YU Bo, Zhongfeng XU*, and FU Congbin, 2013: Response of Northern Hemispheric Air Temperature to Arctic Sea Ice Decline. Atmos. Oceanic Sci. Lett. 6(3), 123-127


    XU Zhongfeng, YANG Zong-Liang*, 2012: An improved dynamical downscaling methods with GCM bias corrections and its validation with 30 years of climate simulations. J. Climate,  25, 6271-6286


    HAN Ying, XU Zhongfeng*, 2011:  Impacts of vegetation on Intraseasonal Oscillation Simulated by the Community Atmosphere Model (CAM3), Atmos. Oceanic Sci. Lett., 4, 1-6.


    XU Zhongfeng*, QIAN Yongfu, FU Congbin, 2010: The Role of Land-sea Distribution and Orography in the Asian Monsoon. Part I: Land-sea Distribution. Adv. Atmos. Sci., 27, 403-420.
    XU Zhongfeng*
, QIAN Yongfu, FU Co
ngbin, 2010: The Role of Land-sea Distribution and Orography in the Asian Monsoon. Part II: Orography. Adv. Atmos. Sci. 27, 528-542.


    XU Zhongfeng*, FU Congbin, QIAN Yongfu, 2009: The Relative Roles of Land-sea Distribution and Orography in the Asian Monsoon Intensity. J. Atmos. Sci. 66, 2714-2729.                                        

    XU Zhongfeng*, FU Congbin, QIAN Yongfu, 2009: A new index to describe the tropical Asian summer monsoon. Science in China (D), 52(6), 843-854

    XU Zhongfeng*, ZENG Gang, FU Congbin, 2009: Global and Regional Impacts of Vegetation on Hydrological Cycle and Climate as Represented by the Community Atmosphere Model (CAM3). Atmospheric and Oceanic Science Letters. 2, 85-90.


    XU Zhongfeng*, QIAN Yongfu, 2006: Moist Potential Vorticity Index of Indian Monsoon Index and its Relationship with Climate in China. Acta Meteorologica Sinica, 64(6), 760-769. (in Chinese).


     XU Zhongfeng*, QIAN Yongfu, 2005: The Climatic Effects of Tropical Easterly at 100hPa. II: Its relationship with Summer Rainfall in North China. Plateau Meteorology, 24, 570-576. (in Chinese)

     XU Zhongfeng*, QIAN Yongfu, 2005: The Climatic Effects of Tropical Easterly at 100hPa I: Its relationship with Climate Anomalies in South China. Plateau Meteorology, 24, 387-395. (in Chinese).

    QIAN Yongfu, ZHANG Yan, JIANG Jing, YAO Yonghong, XU Zhongfeng, 2005: The Earliest Onset Areas and Mechanism of the Tropical Asian Summer Monsoon. Acta Meteorologica Sinica, 19, 129-142.


    XU Zhongfeng*, QIAN Yongfu, 2003: The Seasonal, Interannual, and Interdecadal Variations of the Anticyclone and the Easterly Current at 100hPa. Journal of Tropical Meteorology, 19, 225-233. (in Chinese).


Fu C., Jiang Z., Guan Z., He J., Xu Z., 2008: Regional Climate Studies of China, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 219–270.

El Kenawy A., Schuwerack P.-M., Xu Z., El-Alfy M., 2023: Towards COP27: The Water-Food-Energy Nexus in a Changing Climate in the Middle East and North Africa, MDPI, Switzerland, pp468


Apr 2023  5th Congress of China Geodesy and Geophysics, Wuhan, China
Oct 2018  4th International Workshop on SLCPs in AsiaInternational Workshop on SLCPs in Asia: Chemistry-climate modeling and its applications, Jeju, Korea

Jan 2013  AMS, Austin, USA

Jul 2012   AOGS, Singapore

Dec 2011  AGU 2011 fall meeting, SFO, USA

Jul 2009    IAMAS-IAPSO-IACS 2009 Joint Assembly, Montreal, Canada

Mar 2009   India-China Workshop on Monsoon Asia Modeling Platform, Delhi, India

Apr 2008    International Workshop on Anthropogenic Impacts on Asian Monsoon, Nanjing, China

Aug 2007   Second International Conference on Earth System Modelling, Hamburg, Germany

Jun 2007    21st Pacific Science Congress, Okinawa, Japan

Aug 2005   The Sixth Conference on Dynamic Meteorology in China, Chengdu, China

Aug 2005   Scientific Assembly of the International Association of Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences, Beijing, China

April 2005  The Third Workshop on Climate System Model Development and Assessment, Anhui, China

April 2004  The Second Workshop on Climate System Model Development and Assessment, Jiangxi, China

April 2003  The First Workshop on Climate System Model Development and assessment, Nanjing, China



胡祖恒  博士研究生  070601-气象学  

边晴云  博士研究生  070601-气象学