基本信息
孔大力  男  博导  中国科学院上海天文台
电子邮件: dkong@shao.ac.cn
通信地址: 上海市徐汇区南丹路80号中国科学院上海天文台
邮政编码: 200030

研究领域

     “行星物理与磁流体力学”课题组依托上海天文台天文地球动力学中心和中国科学院行星科学重点实验室成立。课题组固定成员包括孔大力研究员、李力刚研究员、成剑霞副研究员、唐凯助理研究员、李希之助理研究员和王娅冰博士。课题组的研究涵盖以下主要方向:


一、快速旋转行星的静力学平衡形状和内部结构

孤立的旋转天体在自引力、流体压强和旋转离心力三者存在的情况下达到静力学平衡,理解行星的流体静力学平衡结构是准确研究行星内部各种动态物理过程乃至行星形成和演化的基石。近年来,伴随着JUNOCassini等高精度深空探测计划的开展,对行星特别是气态大行星流体静力学平衡形态与结构的研究掀起了一波新的高潮。


二、气态行星大气运动

气态行星大气运动存在丰富的动力学特征,包括全球尺度的带状环流、直径上千公里且持续稳定存在的强劲涡旋(如木星大红斑)以及精细的湍流形态等。气态行星大气运动的深部结构是一个长久以来受到持续关注的基础行星物理问题,这也因此成为JunoCassini探测计划以及未来我国行星探测项目重要的科学目标。


三、行星深部对流与磁场产生过程

行星存在内禀磁场是一种普遍的情况。行星磁场对行星内部状态与外部环境有着重要意义。行星磁场的产生于维持来源于内部复杂的磁流体动力学过程,俗称“行星发电机”。“发电机”过程将行星内部的一部分热能和旋转动能转变成电磁能,这一转换过程中的动力学机制是行星物理中存在的一个宏大基础性课题,是数学、流体力学、理论物理与计算科学交叉的困难问题。


四、行星磁场和等离子体环境

行星磁场与太阳风或其它粒子环境相互作用产生类型丰富的磁化等离子体活动。行星周围磁化等离子环境中的等离子体波动和电磁波传播机制的研究是沟通地球物理、空间物理和行星物理研究的交叉学科。相关理论与观测既帮助我们了解太阳系内的行星际环境,也是探测和研究太阳系外更广阔的系外行星世界的重要手段。


五、计算行星流体力学

行星物理和行星磁流体力学的研究早与现代高性能计算密切关联。三维磁流体动力学模拟是非常困难的,其计算量往往极大,非常依赖高并行度的大规模计算软硬件环境。我国在高性能计算硬件条件方面已经处于国际先进水平。充分利用已有的超级计算资源是我们行星流体力学研究的一个重要分支方向。


六、太阳爆发现象

研究太阳耀斑日冕物质抛射,暗条/日珥及相关的爆发现象;太阳爆发现象的多波段数据分析;非局部热动平衡计算和辐射转移


七、太阳系小天体研究

数量众多的小行星和彗星是太阳系中很有特色的一大类天体,包含许多行星科学中的未解之谜,也是了解太阳系产生与演化过程的重要途径。人类对小行星和彗星的观测数据越来越丰富。小行星研究的方向包括:高速小天体撞击引发的行星表面构造特征;近距离绕转小天地低速碰撞合并过程;小天体的热物理性质;充分利用多种观测(光学、红外、遥感等)数据开展小行星、彗星物理性质的研究;


招生信息

硕士招生计划:

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本课题组计划每年招收硕士研究生1-2名,研究方向包括 1. 行星内部结构理论;2. 行星大气动力学;3. 行星磁场与空间环境相互作用;4. 计算行星流体力学。欢迎具有扎实数学、物理与天文基础的本科生报考。


博士招生计划:

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本课题组计划每年招收博士研究生1名,研究领域可以是与行星物理有关的任何课题,优先欢迎有志于探索以下研究前沿的同学:1. 气态行星可压缩流体动力学;2. 行星高层大气、磁层、电离层与行星际磁流体动力学;3. 太阳系外行星形状、内部结构与大气环流;4. 系外行星磁场中的电子回旋脉泽辐射;5. 极大规模并行三维有限元磁流体动力学模拟。我们将为博士研究生提供优厚的生活补贴待遇以及丰富的学术交流机会。欢迎感兴趣且自身情况允许的学生咨询。


招生专业
070402-天体测量与天体力学
070401-天体物理
070801-固体地球物理学
招生方向
行星物理,行星内部结构,行星磁场,行星发电机,行星流体力学,行星振荡
深空探测,磁场探测,磁场模型
计算流体力学,有限元方法

教育背景

2009-10--2012-07   University of Exeter   博士学位
2004-09--2008-06   南京大学天文学系   学士学位
学历

博士研究生

学位
应用数学博士

工作经历

   
工作简历
2012-10~2017-05,University of Exeter, 博士后
社会兼职
2021-01-01-今,天文学报, 编委
2020-10-31-今,中国地球物理学会行星物理专业委员会, 委员
2020-10-31-今,地球与行星物理论评, 编委
2019-12-31-今,中国天文学会行星专业委员会, 副主任
2018-08-19-今,中国地质学会古地磁专业委员会委员, 委员
2017-04-05-今,期刊Earth and Planetary Physics编委, 编委
2016-10-31-今,中国核学会计算物理分会理事, 理事
2011-09-30-今,英国皇家天文学会会士,

专利与奖励

   
奖励信息
(1) Winton Capital Prize, 一等奖, 国家级, 2016
(2) Above and Beyond, 一等奖, 研究所(学校), 2016

出版信息

   
发表论文
[1] Lam, Kameng, Kong, Dali, Zhang, Keke. Localised thermal convection in rotating spheres that undergo weak precession. GEOPHYSICAL AND ASTROPHYSICAL FLUID DYNAMICS[J]. 2021, 115(3): 280-296, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03091929.2020.1791844.
[2] Li, Wenbo, Kong, Dali, Zhang, Keke, Pan, Yongxin. Depth of Jupiter's Zonal Flow under the "Shallow-wind" Assumption. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL[J]. 2020, 897(1): http://dx.doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ab959d.
[3] Qin, Songhe, Kong, Dali, Zhang, Keke, Schubert, Gerald, Huang, Yong. Interpreting the Equatorially Antisymmetric Gravitational Field of Saturn Measured by the Cassini Grand Finale. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL[J]. 2020, 890(1): https://www.webofscience.com/wos/woscc/full-record/WOS:000522095800026.
[4] An, Tao, Hong, Xiaoyu, Zheng, Weimin, Ye, Shuhua, Qian, Zhihan, Fu, Li, Guo, Quan, Jaiswal, Sumit, Kong, Dali, Lao, Baoqiang, Liu, Lei, Liu, Qinghui, Lu, Weijia, Mohan, Prashanth, Shen, Zhiqiang, Wang, Guangli, Wu, Fang, Wu, Xiaocong, Zhang, Juan, Zhang, Zhongli, Zheng, Zhenya, Zhong, Weiye, Space VLBI Team. Space very long baseline interferometry in China. ADVANCES IN SPACE RESEARCH[J]. 2020, 65(2): 850-855, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2019.03.030.
[5] Liu, Shanhong, Kong, Dali, Yan, Jianguo. Possible approach to detecting the mysterious Saturnian convective dynamo through gravitational sounding. ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS[J]. 2020, 644: http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/202038906.
[6] Kong Dali, Zhang Keke. Lower-order zonal gravitational coefficients caused by zonal circulations inside gaseous planets: Convective flows and numerical comparison between modeling approaches. Earth and Planetary Physics[J]. 2020, 4(2): 89-94, [7] 戎昭金, 崔峻, 何飞, 孔大力, 张金海, 邹鸿, 李力刚, 尧中华, 魏勇, 万卫星. 我国行星物理学的发展现状与展望. 中国科学院院刊[J]. 2019, 34(07期): 760-768, https://kns.cnki.net/KCMS/detail/detail.aspx?dbcode=CJFD&dbname=CJFDLAST2019&filename=KYYX201907008&v=MjgwNDR1eFlTN0RoMVQzcVRyV00xRnJDVVI3dWZZK2RyRnlIbVZicklMalRTZHJHNEg5ak1xSTlGYklSOGVYMUw=.
[8] Kong, Dali, Zhang, Keke, Schubert, Gerald. Depth of the dynamo region and zonal circulation of the molecular layer in Saturn inferred from its equatorially symmetric gravitational field. MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY[J]. 2019, 488(4): 5633-5640, [9] Lam, Kameng, Kong, Dali, Zhang, Keke. Nonlinear thermal inertial waves in rotating fluid spheres. GEOPHYSICAL AND ASTROPHYSICAL FLUID DYNAMICS[J]. 2018, 112(5): 357-374, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03091929.2018.1515357.
[10] Xu, Yan, Brownjohn, James, Kong, Dali. A non-contact vision-based system for multipoint displacement monitoring in a cable-stayed footbridge. STRUCTURAL CONTROL & HEALTH MONITORING[J]. 2018, 25(5): https://www.webofscience.com/wos/woscc/full-record/WOS:000429581100011.
[11] Kong, Dali, Zhang, Keke, Lam, Kameng, Willis, Ashley P. Axially symmetric and latitudinally propagating nonlinear patterns in rotating spherical convection. PHYSICAL REVIEW E[J]. 2018, 98(3): http://libir.pmo.ac.cn/handle/332002/21940.
[12] Kong, Dali, Zhang, Keke, Schubert, Gerald, Anderson, John D. A model of Saturn inferred from its measured gravitational field. RESEARCH IN ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS[J]. 2018, 18(4): 7-14, http://lib.cqvip.com/Qikan/Article/Detail?id=675473234.
[13] Dali Kong, Keke Zhang, Gerald Schubert, John D.Anderson. Saturn's gravitational field induced by its equatorially antisymmetric zonal winds. 天文和天体物理学研究:英文版. 2018, 18(5): 29-36, http://lib.cqvip.com/Qikan/Article/Detail?id=675462514.
[14] Kong, Dali, Zhang, Keke, Schubert, Gerald, Anderson, John D. The effect of the equatorially symmetric zonal winds of Saturn on its gravitational field. RESEARCH IN ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS[J]. 2018, 18(4): 15-22, http://lib.cqvip.com/Qikan/Article/Detail?id=675473235.
[15] Kong, Dali, Zhang, Keke, Schubert, Gerald, Anderson, John D. Origin of Jupiter's cloud-level zonal winds remains a puzzle even after Juno. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA[J]. 2018, 115(34): 8499-8504, http://libir.pmo.ac.cn/handle/332002/21470.
[16] Dali Kong, Keke Zhang, Gerald Schubert, John D.Anderson. A model of Saturn inferred from its measured gravitational field. 天文和天体物理学研究:英文版. 2018, 18(4): 7-14, http://lib.cqvip.com/Qikan/Article/Detail?id=675473234.
[17] Dali Kong, Keke Zhang, Gerald Schubert, John D.Anderson. The effect of the equatorially symmetric zonal winds of Saturn on its gravitational field. 天文和天体物理学研究:英文版. 2018, 18(4): 15-22, http://lib.cqvip.com/Qikan/Article/Detail?id=675473235.
[18] Kong, Dali, Zhang, Keke, Schubert, Gerald, Anderson, John D. Saturn's gravitational field Induced by its equatorially antisymmetric zonal winds. RESEARCH IN ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS[J]. 2018, 18(5): http://lib.cqvip.com/Qikan/Article/Detail?id=675462514.
[19] Kong, Dali, Zhang, Keke, Schubert, Gerald. On the gravitational signature of zonal flows in Jupiter-like planets: An analytical solution and its numerical validation. PHYSICS OF THE EARTH AND PLANETARY INTERIORS[J]. 2017, 263: 1-6, http://libir.pmo.ac.cn/handle/332002/23219.
[20] Zhang, Keke, Kong, Dali, Schubert, Gerald, Jeanloz, R, Freeman, KH. Shape, Internal Structure, Zonal Winds, and Gravitational Field of Rapidly Rotating Jupiter-Like Planets. ANNUAL REVIEW OF EARTH AND PLANETARY SCIENCES, VOL 45null. 2017, 45: 419-446, https://www.webofscience.com/wos/woscc/full-record/WOS:000411802000017.
[21] Zhang, Keke, Lam, Kameng, Kong, Dali. Asymptotic theory for torsional convection in rotating fluid spheres. JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS[J]. 2017, 813: https://www.webofscience.com/wos/woscc/full-record/WOS:000394376400002.
[22] Kong, Dali, Zhang, Keke, Schubert, Gerald. On the interpretation of the equatorially antisymmetric Jovian gravitational field. MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY[J]. 2017, 469(1): 716-720, http://libir.pmo.ac.cn/handle/332002/23012.
[23] Kong, Dali, Zhang, Keke, Schubert, Gerald. A FULLY SELF-CONSISTENT MULTI-LAYERED MODEL OF JUPITER. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL[J]. 2016, 826(2): http://libir.pmo.ac.cn/handle/332002/23615.
[24] Kong, Dali, Zhang, Keke, Schubert, Gerald. Using Jupiter's gravitational field to probe the Jovian convective dynamo. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS[J]. 2016, 6(23497): http://libir.pmo.ac.cn/handle/332002/16176.
[25] Kong Dali, Zhang Keke, Schubert Gerald. A Fully Self-consistent Multi-layered Model of Jupiter. The Astrophysical Journal[J]. 2016, 826(127): 1-, http://119.78.226.72/handle/331011/28959.
[26] Kong, Dali, Zhang, Keke, Schubert, Gerald. Odd gravitational harmonics of Jupiter: Effects of spherical versus nonspherical geometry and mathematical smoothing of the equatorially antisymmetric zonal winds across the equatorial plane. ICARUS[J]. 2016, 277(416): 416-423, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.icarus.2016.05.037.
[27] Kong, Dali, Cui, Zhen, Liao, Xinhao, Zhang, Keke. On the transition from the laminar to disordered flow in a precessing spherical-like cylinder. GEOPHYSICAL AND ASTROPHYSICAL FLUID DYNAMICS[J]. 2015, 109(1): 62-83, https://www.webofscience.com/wos/woscc/full-record/WOS:000347548500004.
[28] Jiang, Jianfei, Kong, Dali, Zhu, Rixiang, Zhang, Keke. Precessing cylinders at the second and third resonance: Turbulence controlled by geostrophic flow. PHYSICAL REVIEW E[J]. 2015, 92(3): http://ir.iggcas.ac.cn/handle/132A11/7548.
[29] Zhang Keke, Kong Dali, Schubert Gerald. Thermal-gravitational Wind Equation for the Wind-induced Gravitational Signature of Giant Gaseous Planets: Mathematical Derivation, Numerical Method, and Illustrative Solutions. The Astrophysical Journal[J]. 2015, 806(270): 1-10, http://libir.pmo.ac.cn/handle/332002/16012.
[30] Chen, Binling, Ma, Guiping, Kong, Dali, Zhu, Yanqiu, Xia, Yongde. Atomically homogeneous dispersed ZnO/N-doped nanoporous carbon composites with enhanced CO2 uptake capacities and high efficient organic pollutants removal from water. CARBON[J]. 2015, 95: 113-124, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2015.08.015.
[31] Kong, Dali, Zhang, Keke, Schubert, Gerald. An exact solution for arbitrarily rotating gaseous polytropes with index unity. MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY[J]. 2015, 448(1): 456-463, https://www.webofscience.com/wos/woscc/full-record/WOS:000350273500031.
[32] Kong, Dali, Zhang, Keke, Schubert, Gerald. Self-consistent internal structure of a rotating gaseous planet and its comparison with an approximation by oblate spheroidal equidensity surfaces. PHYSICS OF THE EARTH AND PLANETARY INTERIORS[J]. 2015, 249: 43-50, http://libir.pmo.ac.cn/handle/332002/16080.
[33] Kong, Dali, Zhang, Keke, Schubert, Gerald. Wind-induced odd gravitational harmonics of Jupiter. MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY[J]. 2015, 450(1): L11-L15, http://libir.pmo.ac.cn/handle/332002/15996.
[34] Zhang, Keke, Liao, Xinhao, Kong, Dali. Inertial convection in a rotating narrow annulus: Asymptotic theory and numerical simulation. PHYSICS OF FLUIDS[J]. 2015, 27(10): http://119.78.226.72/handle/331011/28655.
[35] Kong, Dali, Liao, Xinhao, Zhang, Keke, Schubert, Gerald. The shape, internal structure and gravity of the fast spinner beta Pictoris b. MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY[J]. 2014, 445(1): L26-L30, http://www.irgrid.ac.cn/handle/1471x/957722.
[36] Kong, Dali, Lin, Wei, Pan, Yongxin, Zhang, Keke. Swimming motion of rod-shaped magnetotactic bacteria: the effects of shape and growing magnetic moment. FRONTIERS IN MICROBIOLOGY[J]. 2014, 5: https://doaj.org/article/1ff851031e1d4bc89a953c34371fb163.
[37] Dali Kong, Xinhao Liao, Keke Zhang, Gerald Schubert. The shape, internal structure and gravity of the fast spinner β Pictoris b. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Letters[J]. 2014, 445(1): L26-L30, http://119.78.226.72/handle/331011/16072.
[38] Kong, Dali, Liao, Xinhao, Zhang, Keke. The sidewall-localized mode in a resonant precessing cylinder. PHYSICS OF FLUIDS[J]. 2014, 26(5): 051703-1-051703-7, http://www.irgrid.ac.cn/handle/1471x/956633.
[39] Hubbard, W B, Schubert, G, Kong, D, Zhang, K. On the convergence of the theory of figures. ICARUS[J]. 2014, 242: 138-141, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.icarus.2014.08.014.
[40] Kong, D, Liao, X, Zhang, K, Schubert, G. EQUATORIAL ZONAL JETS AND JUPITER's GRAVITY. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL LETTERS[J]. 2014, 791(2): http://www.irgrid.ac.cn/handle/1471x/956634.
[41] Kong, Dali, Zhang, Keke, Schubert, Gerald, Anderson, John. A THREE-DIMENSIONAL NUMERICAL SOLUTION FOR THE SHAPE OF A ROTATIONALLY DISTORTED POLYTROPE OF INDEX UNITY. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL[J]. 2013, 763(2): https://www.webofscience.com/wos/woscc/full-record/WOS:000313869800047.
[42] Kong, Dali, Liao, Xinhao, Zhang, Keke, Schubert, Gerald. Gravitational signature of rotationally distorted Jupiter caused by deep zonal winds. ICARUS[J]. 2013, 226(2): 1425-1430, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.icarus.2013.08.016.
[43] Kong, Dali, Zhang, Keke, Schubert, Gerald. ON THE GRAVITATIONAL FIELDS OF MACLAURIN SPHEROID MODELS OF ROTATING FLUID PLANETS. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL[J]. 2013, 764(1): https://www.webofscience.com/wos/woscc/full-record/WOS:000314335200067.
[44] 孔大力. 波江座Alpha的快速自转多方球模型. 天文学进展. 2013, [45] 孔大力. ON THE PAPKOVICH-NEUBER FORMULATION FOR STOKES FLOWS DRIVEN BY A TRANSLATING/ROTATING PROLATE SPHEROID AT ARBITRARY ANGLES. International Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics. 2012, [46] Kong, Dali, Zhang, Keke, Schubert, Gerald. ON THE VARIATION OF ZONAL GRAVITY COEFFICIENTS OF A GIANT PLANET CAUSED BY ITS DEEP ZONAL FLOWS. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL[J]. 2012, 748(2): https://www.webofscience.com/wos/woscc/full-record/WOS:000302135200071.
[47] Cui, Zhen, Kong, Dali, Pan, Yongxin, Zhang, Keke. On the swimming motion of spheroidal magnetotactic bacteria. FLUID DYNAMICS RESEARCH[J]. 2012, 44(5): http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0169-5983/44/5/055508.
[48] Schubert, Gerald, Anderson, John, Zhang, Keke, Kong, D, Helled, Ravit. Shapes and gravitational fields of rotating two-layer Maclaurin ellipsoids: Application to planets and satellites. PHYSICS OF THE EARTH AND PLANETARY INTERIORS[J]. 2011, 187(3-4): 364-379, https://www.webofscience.com/wos/woscc/full-record/WOS:000296207900025.
[49] 何秋会, 孔大力, 刘岱钟. 赤道式天文望远镜极轴调整分析及观测结果. 天文研究与技术:国家天文台台刊. 2010, 7(3): 238-246, http://lib.cqvip.com/Qikan/Article/Detail?id=34299803.
[50] Kong, D, Zhang, K, Schubert, G. Shapes of two-layer models of rotating planets. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-PLANETS[J]. 2010, 115: http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2010JE003720.
[51] 何秋会, 孔大力, 刘岱钟. 赤道式天文望远镜极轴调整分析及观测结果. 天文研究与技术:国家天文台台刊[J]. 2010, 7(3): 238-246, http://lib.cqvip.com/Qikan/Article/Detail?id=34299803.
[52] Zhang, Keke, Kong, Dali, Liao, Xinhao. On fluid flows in precessing narrow annular channels: asymptotic analysis and numerical simulation. JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS[J]. 2010, 656(1): 116-146, http://www.irgrid.ac.cn/handle/1471x/967557.
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