Prof. Dr. Zhichao DONG, 
Technical Institute of Physical Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Address: NO.29, Zhongguancun East Road, Beijng

Postcode: 100190

Research Areas


Biomimetic overflow interface and material

Overflow behavior of liquid at a curved surface or a surface border is a common phenomenon in many circumstances of daily life and industry. Accurate control of overflow is beneficial for improving the convenience of our daily life and efficiency of production, thus has great importance not only for enhancing existing applications but for creating new products. The effect of surface wettability on overflow has not been paid enough attention in the past, however, as the development of construction techniques, especially 3D printing and micro/nanofabrication, of superwettable surfaces and the understanding of the dynamic interfacial wetting properties, the potential of surface wettability and structure on the overflow control has gained great recognition in the recent decade. Our group focuses on the evolution of the understanding of overflow phenomenon, and innovates the control techniques of overflow behavior from aspects including the bioinspired idea, the fabrication of superwettable surfaces, the exploration of control mechanisms, etc.

Welcome PhD students, postdoc, exchange students to join us!

Do not hesitate to contact me to discuss a possible project or learn more about my work.

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(1) Shijie Liu, Chengqi Zhang, Tao Shen, Zidong Zhan, Jia Peng, Cunlong Yu, Lei Jiang & Zhichao Dong*; Efficient agricultural drip irrigation inspired by fig leaf morphology. Nature Communications 2023, 14, 5934.

Mimetic natural fig leaf morphology to achieve effective drip irrigation.

(2) Ziyang Cheng, Chuxin Li*, Can Gao, Chengqi Zhang*, Lei Jiang, Zhichao Dong*Viscous-capillary entrainment on bioinspired millimetric structure for sustained liquid transferScience Advances 2023, 9, 36, eadi5990.

(3) Zhuoxing Liu, Zidong Zhan, Tao Shen, Ning Li, Chengqi Zhang, Cunlong Yu, Chuxin Li, Yifan Si, Lei Jiang Zhichao Dong*Dual-bionic superwetting gears with liquid directional steering for oil-water separation. Nature Communications 2023, 14, 4128.

(4) Lei Wu*; Zhichao Dong*Interfacial Regulation for 3D Printing based on Slice‐Based PhotopolymerizationAdvanced Materials, 2023, 35, 2300903


(5) Yifan Si, Chuxin Li, Jinlian Hu, Chengqi Zhang, Zhichao Dong; Bioinspired Superwetting Open Microfluidics: From Concepts, Phenomena to Applications, Advanced Functional Materials, 2023, 33, 2301017


(6) Lidian Zhang, Yu Zhang, Miaomiao Zou, Cunlong Yu, Chuxin Li, Can Gao, Zhichao Dong, Lei Wu, Yanlin Song; A Bionic‐Gill 3D Hydrogel Evaporator with Multidirectional Crossflow Salt Mitigation and Aquaculture Applications, Advanced Functional Materials, 2023, 33, 2300318

(7) Shijie Liu, Zidong Zhan, Yifan Si, Cunlong Yu, Lei Jiang, Zhichao Dong; Liquid Shuttle Mediated by Microwick for Open‐Air Microfluidics, Advanced Functional Materials, 2023, 33, 2212485

(8) Zhongpeng Zhu, Yupeng Chen, Xianfeng Luo, Weining Miao, Zhichao Dong, Jiajia Zhou, Ye Tian, Lei Jiang, Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2023, 33, 2304459

(9) Guandi He, Chengqi Zhang*; Zhichao Dong*; Survival in desert: Extreme water adaptations and bioinspired structural designs, iscience 2023, 26 (1), 105819

(10) Zhaolong Wang, Mingzhu Xie, Qing Guo, Yibo Liao, Ce Zhang, Yongping Chen, Zhichao Dong, Huigao Duan, Hyper-anti-freezing bionic functional surface to −90°C, PNAS nexus, 2023, 2(6), 117

(11) Mingzhu Xie, Ziheng Zhan, Chengqi Zhang, Wanqing Xu, Ce Zhang, Yongping Chen, Zhichao Dong, Zhaolong Wang, Programmable Microfluidics Enabled by 3D Printed Bionic Janus Porous Matrics for Microfluidic Logic Chips, Small, 2023,2300047

(12) Zhaolong Wang, Qiu Yin, Ziheng Zhan, Wenhao Li, Mingzhu Xie, Huigao Duan, Ping Cheng, Ce Zhang, Yongping Chen, Zhichao Dong, Bionic microchannels for step lifting transpiration, International Journal of Extreme Manufacturing, 2023,5(2), 025502

(13) Can Gao, Lei Jiang, Zhichao Dong, Effect of Wettability and Adhesion Property of Solid Margins on Water Drainage, Biomimetics, 2023,8(1), 60



(1) Shan Zhou; Lei Jiang*Zhichao Dong*; Overflow Control for Sustainable Development by Superwetting Surface with Biomimetic Structure, Chemical Reviews, 2023, 123 (5), 2276–2310

(2) Zhuojun Cai, Bo Wang, Shijie Liu, Haofei Li, Siqi Luo, Zhichao Dong*, Yilin Wang*, Lei Jiang; Beating Worthington jet by surfactants, Cell Reports Physical Science, 2022, 3(3): 100775.

(3) Fuqiang Chu, Zhongyuan Ni, Dongsheng Wen*, Yanhui Feng*, Shaokang Li, Lei Jiang, Zhichao Dong*; Liquid Film Sculpture via Droplet Impacting on Microstructured Heterowettable Surfaces, Advanced Functional Materials, 2022, 32, 2203222.

Description unavailable

(4) Miaomiao Zou, Yu Zhang, Zheren Cai, Chuxin Li, Zhiyuan Sun, Cunlong Yu, Zhichao Dong, Lei Wu*, Yanlin Song*; 3D Printing a Biomimetic Bridge‐Arch Solar Evaporator for Eliminating Salt Accumulation with Desalination and Agricultural Applications, Advanced Materials, 2021, 33(34), 2102443.

Details are in the caption following the image

(5) Yifan Si, Jinlian Hu, Zhichao Dong*; Bioinspired magnetically driven liquid manipulation as microrobot, Cell Reports Physical Science, 2021, 2(6): 100439.

(6) Ning Li, Zhe Xu, Shuang Zheng, Haoyu Dai, Li Wang, Ye Tian*Zhichao Dong*, Lei Jiang; Superamphiphilic TiO2 Composite Surface for Protein Antifouling, Advanced Materials, 2021, 33(25), 2003559.

Details are in the caption following the image

(7) Shan Zhou; Lei Jiang; Zhichao Dong*; Bioinspired Surface with Superwettability for Controllable Liquid Dynamics, Advanced Materials Interfaces, 2021, 8(2): 2000824.

(8) Haoyu Dai; Zhichao Dong*; Lei Jiang*; Directional liquid dynamics of interfaces with superwettability, Science Advances, 2020, 6(37): eabb5528.

(9) Ting Wang; Yifan Si; Haoyu Dai; Chuxin Li; Can Gao; Zhichao Dong*; Lei Jiang*; Apex structures enhance water drainage on leaves, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2020, 117(4): 1890-1894.

(10) Shan Zhou; Cunlong Yu; Chuxin Li; Lei Jiang; Zhichao Dong*; Droplets crawling on peristome-mimetic surfaces, Advanced Functional Materials, 2020, 30(12): 1908066.

(11) Lei Wu#Zhichao Dong#; Zheren Cai; Turga Ganapathy; Niocholas X. Fang; Chuxin Li; Cunlong Yu; Yu Zhang; Yanlin Song*; Highly efficient three-dimensional solar evaporator for high salinity desalination by localized crystallization, Nature Communications, 2020, 11(1): 521.

figure 5

(12) Chuxin Li; Cunlong Yu; Shan Zhou; Zhichao Dong*; Lei Jiang; Liquid harvesting and transport on multiscaled curvatures, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2020, 117(38): 23436-23442.

(13) Bin Liu; Yaxun Fan*; Haofei Li; Weiwei Zhao; Siqi Luo; Hua Wang; Bo Guan; Qiaolian Li; Jiling Yue; Zhichao Dong*; Yilin Wang*; Lei Jiang*; Control the Entire Journey of Pesticide Application on Superhydrophobic Plant Surface by Dynamic Covalent Trimeric Surfactant Coacervation, Advanced Functional Materials, 2021, 31(5): 2006606.  

Details are in the caption following the image

(14) Yu Zhang#Zhichao Dong#; Chuxin Li; Huifeng Du; Nicholas X. Fang; Lei Wu; Yanlin Song*; Continuous 3D printing from one single droplet, Nature Communications, 2020, 11(1): 4685.

figure 1

(15) Haofei Li; Zhang Liu; Chuxin Li; Qiying Feng; Yang Liu; Qiang Li; Zhichao Dong*; Yilin Wang*; Lei Jiang; Efficient spreading and controllable penetration of high-speed drops on superhydrophobic surface by vesicles, Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 2020, 8(34): 17392-17398.

Graphical abstract: Efficient spreading and controllable penetration of high-speed drops on superhydrophobic surface by vesicles

(16) Ning Li; Cunlong Yu; Zhichao Dong*; Lei Jiang; Finger directed surface charges for local droplet motion, Soft Matter, 2020, 16(40): 9176-9182.

Graphical abstract: Finger directed surface charges for local droplet motion

(17) Yifan Si; Zhichao Dong*; Bioinspired smart liquid directional transport control, Langmuir, 2020, 36(3): 667-681.

(18) Shun Wang#; Hailong Li#; Hu Duan#; Yingtao Cui#; Heng Sun; Mengjiao Zhang; Xianfu Zheng; Meirong Song*; He Li*Zhichao Dong*; Hang Ding*; Lei Jiang; Directed motion of an impinging water droplet—seesaw effect, Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 2020, 8(16): 7889-7896.!

(19) Chuxin Li; Haoyu Dai; Can Gao; Ting Wang; Zhichao Dong*; Lei Jiang; Bioinspired inner microstructured tube controlled capillary rise, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2019, 116(26): 12704-12709.

(20) Siqi Luo; Zhidi Chen; Zhichao Dong*; Yaxun Fan; Yao Chen; Bin Liu; Cunlong Yu; Chuxin Li; Haoyu Dai; Haofei Li; Yilin Wang*; Lei Jiang; Uniform spread of high-speed drops on superhydrophobic surface by live-oligomeric surfactant jamming, Advanced Materials, 2019, 31(41): 1904475.

Details are in the caption following the image

(21) Haoyu Dai; Can Gao; Junhan Sun; Chuxin Li; Ning Li; Lei Wu*Zhichao Dong*; Lei Jiang; Controllable high-speed electrostatic manipulation of water droplets on a superhydrophobic surface, Advanced Materials, 2019, 31(43): 1905449.

Details are in the caption following the image

(22) Ziguang Zhao#; Chuxin Li#Zhichao Dong*; Yingchao Yang; Longhao Zhang; Shuyun Zhuo; Xintao Zhou; Yichao Xu; Lei Jiang; Mingjie Liu*; Adaptive superamphiphilic organohydrogels with reconfigurable surface topography for programming unidirectional liquid transport, Advanced Functional Materials, 2019, 29(16): 1807858.

(23) Ting Wang; Yifan Si; Siqi Luo; Zhichao Dong*; Lei Jiang; Wettability manipulation of overflow behavior via vesicle surfactant for water-proof surface cleaning, Materials Horizons, 2019, 6(12): 294-301.

Graphical abstract: Wettability manipulation of overflow behavior via vesicle surfactant for water-proof surface cleaning

(24) Ning Li; Chuxin Li; Cunlong Yu; Ting Wang; Can Gao; Zhichao Dong*; Lei Jiang; Asymmetric micro-ratchets regulated drop dispensing on bamboo mimetic surface, Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 2019, 7(16): 9550-9555.

(25) Meirong Song*; Duan Hu; Xianfu Zheng; Lixia Wang; Zhilun Yu; Wankai An; Risong Na; Chuxin Li; Ning Li; Zhouhui Lu; Zhichao Dong*; Yilin Wang*; Lei Jiang; Enhancing droplet deposition on wired and curved superhydrophobic leaves, ACS Nano, 2019, 13(7): 7966-7974.

(26) Ting Wang; Yifan Si; Ning Li; Zhichao Dong*; Lei Jiang; Bioinspired tip-guidance liquid jetting and droplet emission at a rotary disk via a surface energy gradient, ACS Nano, 2019, 13(11): 13100-13108.

(27) Shan Zhou; Cunlong Yu; Chuxin Li; Zhichao Dong*; Lei Jiang; Programmable unidirectional liquid transport on peristome-mimetic surfaces under liquid environments, Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 2019, 7(31): 18244-18248.

(28) Yifan Si; Zhichao Dong*; Lei Jiang*; Bioinspired designs of superhydrophobic and superhydrophilic materials, ACS Central Science, 2018, 4(9): 1102-1112.

(29) Yifan Si; Ting Wang; Chuxin Li; Cunlong Yu; Ning Li; Can Gao; Zhichao Dong*; Lei Jiang; Liquids unidirectional transport on dual-scale arrays, ACS Nano, 2018, 12(9): 9214-9222.

(30) Lei Wu#Zhichao Dong#; Huifeng Du; Chuxin Li; Nicholas X. Fang*; Yanlin Song*; Bioinspired ultra-low adhesive energy interface for continuous 3D printing: reducing curing induced adhesion, Research, 2018, 2018(2): 4795604.

(31) Yifan Si; Cunlong Yu; Zhichao Dong*; Lei Jiang*; Wetting and spreading: Fundamental theories to cutting-edge applications, Current Opinion in Colloid & Interface Science, 2018, 36: 10-19.

(32) Ning Li#; Cunlong Yu#; Yifan Si; Meirong Song; Zhichao Dong*; Lei Jiang; Janus gradient meshes for continuous separation and collection of flowing oils under water, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2018, 10(8): 7504-7511.

(33) Cunlong Yu; Chuxin Li; Can Gao; Zhichao Dong*; Lei Wu*; Lei Jiang; Time-dependent liquid transport on a biomimetic topological surface, ACS Nano, 2018, 12(6): 5149-5157.

(34) Chuxin Li#; Cunlong Yu#; Dezhao Hao; Lei Wu*Zhichao Dong*; Lei Jiang; Smart liquid transport on dual biomimetic surface via temperature fluctuation control, Advanced Functional Materials, 2018, 28(49): 1707490.

(35) Ning Li#; Lei Wu#; Cunlong Yu; Haoyu Dai; Ting Wang; Zhichao Dong*; Lei Jiang; Ballistic jumping drops on superhydrophobic surfaces via electrostatic manipulation, Advanced Materials, 2018, 30(8): 1703838.

Details are in the caption following the image

(36)Cunlong Yu; Longhao Zhang; Yunfei Ru; Ning Li; Chuxin Li; Can Gao; Zhichao Dong*; Lei Jiang; Drop cargo transfer via unidirectional lubricant spreading on peristome-mimetic surface, ACS Nano, 2018, 12(11): 11307-11315.

(37)Pengfei Zhang; Liwen Zhang; Huawei Chen*Zhichao Dong*; Deyuan Zhang; Surfaces inspired by the Nepenthes peristome for unidirectional liquid transport, Advanced Materials, 2017, 29(45): 1702995.

(38)Meirong Song*; Zhaohui Liu; Yongjian Ma; Zhichao Dong*; Yilin Wang*; Lei Jiang; Reducing the contact time using macro anisotropic superhydrophobic surfaces—effect of parallel wire spacing on the drop impact, NPG Asia Materials, 2017, 9(8): e415.

(39)Meirong Song#; Jie Ju#; Siqi Luo; Yuchun Han; Zhichao Dong*; Yilin Wang*; Zhen Gu; Lingjuan Zhang; Ruiran Hao; Lei Jiang*; Controlling liquid splash on superhydrophobic surfaces by a vesicle surfactant, Science Advances, 2017, 3(3): e1602188.

(40)Chuxin Li#; Lei Wu#; Cunlong Yu; Zhichao Dong*; Lei Jiang; Peristome-mimetic curved surface for spontaneous and directional separation of micro water-in-oil drops, Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 2017, 56(44): 13623-13628.

(41)Chuxin Li#; Ning Li#; Xinshi Zhang; Zhichao Dong*; Huawei Chen*; Lei Jiang; Uni-directional transportation on peristome-mimetic surfaces for completely wetting liquids, Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 2016, 55(48): 14988-14992.

(42)Zhichao Dong, Lei Wu, Jianfeng Wang, Jie Ma*, Lei Jiang*;Superwettability controlled overflow,Advanced Materials, 2015,27(10):1745-1750.

Details are in the caption following the image

(43)Zhichao Dong, Lei Wu, Ning Li, Jie Ma*, Lei Jiang*; Manipulating overflow separation directions by wettability boundary positions; ACS Nano, 2015, 9(6):6595-6602.

(44) Lei Wu, Zhichao Dong, Ning Li, Fengyu Li, Lei Jiang, Yanlin Song*; Manipulating oil droplets by superamphiphobic nozzle; Small, 2015, 11(37), 4837-4843.

Description unavailable

(45) Zhichao Dong, Jie Ma*, Lei Jiang*; Manipulating and dispensing micro/nanoliter droplets by superhydrophobic needle nozzles; ACS Nano, 2013, 7(11), 10371-10376.