Ling BAI

Professor in Geophysics

Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Telephone: 010-84097035
Address: No. 16 Lincui Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing, China, 100101

Research Areas

Studies  of Earth’s deep interior and mechanism for earthquakes using theoretical and  observed seismograms


Ph. D. (Seismology), Kyoto University, Japan,2007


Work Experience

Professor,Chinese Academy of Sciences,2012-present

Postdoctoral Research Fellow,University of Michigan,USA,2009-2012

JSPS Postdoctoral Fellow,University of Tokyo,Japan,2007-2009

Teaching Experience

Plate tectonics and evolution of Tibetan Plateu, for international students

Honors & Distinctions

2017, Tibetan Plateau Award for Young Scientists, The China Society on Tibetan Plateau 

2016, Fu Chengyi Award for Young Scientist, China Society of Geophysics 

2014, Hundred Talent Award,  Chinsese Academy of Science



Bai L., et al., 2019. Lateral variation of the Main Himalayan Thrust controls the rupture length of the 2015 Gorkha earthquake in Nepal, Science Advances. in press.

Rahman M. M., and Bai L., 2018. Probabilistic seismic hazard assessment of Nepal using multiple seismic source models. Earth Planet. Phys., 2(4), 327–341.

Rahman, M. M., Bai, L., Khan N. G., Li, G., 2018. Probabilistic Seismic Hazard Assessment for Himalayan-Tibetan Region from Historical and Instrumental Earthquake Catalogs. PAGEOPH. doi: 10.1007/s00024-017-1659-y.

Bai, L.,Li, G., Khan, N.G.,Zhao, J., and Ding, L., 2017. Focal depths and mechanisms of shallow earthquakes in the Himalayan-Tibetan region, Gondwana Res., doi: 10.1016/

Li, G., Bai, L., Zhou, Y., Wang, X., Cui, H., Zhou, X., 2017. Velocity structure of the mantle transition zone beneath the southeastern edge of Tibetan Plateau. Tectonophysics. doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2017.08.009.

Khan, N. G., Bai, L., Zhao J., Li G., Rahman, M. M., Cheng C., Yang, J., 2017. Crustal structure beneath Tien Shan orogenic belt and its adjacent regions found by multi-scale seismic data, Science China: Earth Sciences. 60: 1-14, doi: 10.1007/s11430-017-9068-0. 

Cheng, C., Bai, L., Ding, L., Li, G., Yang, J., Xu, Q., 2017. Crustal structure of eastern Himalaya Syntaxis revealed by receiver function method, Chinese J. Geophys. (in Chinese) 60: 2969-2979, doi: 10.6038/cig20170806. 

Bai, L., Liu, H., Ritsema, J., Mori, J., Zhang, T., Ishikawa, Y., Li, G., 2016. Faulting structure above the Main Himalayan Thrust as shown by relocated aftershocks of the 2015 Mw 7.8 Gorkha, Nepal earthquake, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, 637-642,doi:10.1002/2015GL066473.

Pei, S., Liu, H., Bai, L., Liu, Y., Sun, Q., 2016. High-resolution seismic tomography of the 2015 Mw7.8 Gorkha earthquake, Nepal: Evidence for the crustal tearing of the Himalayan Rift, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43: 9045-9052. doi:10.1002/2016GL069808.

Bai, L., and Zhang, T., 2015. Complex deformation pattern of the Pamir-Hindu Kush region inferred from multi-scale double-difference earthquake relocations, Tectonophysics, 638: 177-184, doi:10.1016/j.tecto.2014.11.006.

Bai, L., Medina Luna, L., Hetland, E., Ritsema, J., 2014. Focal depths and mechanisms of Tohoku_Oki aftershocks from teleseismic P wave modeling, Earthq. Sci., 27: 1-13, DOI 10.1007/s11589-013-0036-x.

Bai, L., Ritsema, J., 2013. The effect of large-scale shear-velocity heterogeneity on SS precursor amplitudes, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40: 1-5, doi:10.1002/2013GL058669.

Bai, L., Zhao J., Wu J., 2013. Fault Heterogeneities of Moderately Large Earthquakes at Eastern Tibetan Plateau, Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition), 87(supp.): 331-333.

Bai, L., Ritsema, J., Zhao, J., 2012. Focal depth estimates of earthquakes in the Himalayan-Tibetan region from teleseismic waveform modeling, Earthq. Sci., 2517-24.

Bai, L., Zhang, Y., Ritsema, J., 2012. An analysis of SS precursors using 3D spectral-element seismograms, Geophys. J. Int., 188: 293-300, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2011.05256.x

Bai, L., Tian, X.B., Ritsema, J., Crustal structure beneath the Indochina peninsula from teleseismic receiver functions, Geophys. Res. Lett., doi:10.1029/2010GL044874, 2010b.

Bai, L., Kawakatsu, H., Morita, Y., Two anisotropic layers in central orogenic belt of North China Craton, Tectonophysics, 494: 138-148, 2010a.

Bai, L., Iidaka, T., Kawakatsu, H., Morita, Y., Dzung, N.Q., Upper mantle anisotropy beneath Indochina block and adjacent regions from shear-wave splitting analysis of Vietnam array data, Phys. Earth Planet Int., 176: 33-43, 2009.

Bai, L., Bergman, E.A., Engdahl, E.R., Kawasaki, I., The 2004 earthquake offshore of the Kii peninsula, Japan: Hypocentral relocation, source mechanism and tectonic implications, Phys. Earth Planet Int., 165: 47-55, 2007.

Bai, L., Kawasaki, I., Zhang, T.Z., Ishikawa, Y., An improved double-difference earthquake location algorithm using sP phases: Application to the foreshock and aftershock sequences of the 2004 earthquake offshore of the Kii peninsula, Japan (Mw 7.5), Earth Planets Space, 58, 823-830, 2006b.

Bai, L., Wu, Z.L., Zhang, T.Z, Kawasaki, I., The effect of distribution of stations upon location error: Statistical tests based on the double-difference earthquake location algorithm and the bootstrap method, Earth Planets Space, 58 (2): e9-e12, 2006a.

Invited Conference papers

  1. Bai, L., Structual properties of the 2015 Mw7.8 Nepal earthquake, JpGU-AUG, chukuba, Japan, May 2017.
  2. Bai., L., Faulting structure above the Main Himalayan Thrust as shown by relocated aftershocks of the 2015 Mw 7.8 Gorkha, Nepal earthquake, invited by AOGS, Beijing, China, Aug. 2016.
  3. Bai, L., Focal depths and mechanisms of earthquakes in the Himalayan-Tibetan region, invited by AGU, San Francisco, CA, USA, Dec. 2015.
  4. Bai, L., Ritsema, J., An analysis of SS precursor amplitudes, Invited by CGS, Chengdu, Oct. 2013.