Wu Zhou
School of Physical Sciences
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences
Beijing, 100049 China
Email: wuzhou AT

Research Areas

  • High resolution electron microscopy

  • Two-dimensional materials

  • Nano-materials for energy applications


PhD positions available:

We are looking for self-motivated students with strong background in physics, materials science or devices. 

Postdoc positions available:

We have multiple postdoc positions available on STEM-EELS, 4D STEM, 2D materials, in-situ microscopy.

Visiting students/scholars:

Please email Prof. Zhou with your CV to discuss projects of mutual interest.


2006~2010   Lehigh University     Ph.D.

2002~2006   Tsinghua University  B.S.


2016~now,  University of Chinese Academy of Science (UCAS), Professor

2012~2015, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Staff Scientist

2012~2014, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Wigner Fellow

2010~2012, Vanderbilt University/Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Postdoc Research Associate


For a complete list of publication, please refer to my Publons page or Google Scholar:

50. Zhang, X.#; Zhang, M. T.#; Deng, Y. C.#; Xu, M. Q.#; Artiglia, L.; Wen, W.; Gao, R.; Chen, B. B.; Yao, S. Y.; Zhang, X. C.; Peng, M.; Yan, J.; Li, A. W.; Jiang, Z.; Gao, X. Y.; Cao, S. F.; Yang, C.; Kropf, A. J.; Shi, J. A.; Xie, J. L.; Bi, M. S.; Bokhoven, J. A.; Li, Y. W.; Wen, X. D.; Flytzani-Stephanopoulos, M.; Shi, C.*Zhou, W.*; Ma, D.*A stable low-temperature H2-production catalyst by crowding Pt on α-MoC. Nature 589, 396-401, (2021)

49. Ge, Y. Z.#; Qin, X. T.#; Li, A. W.#; Deng, Y. C.; Lin, L. L.; Zhang, M. T.; Yu, Q. L.; Li, S. W.; Peng, M.; Xu, Y.; Zhao, X. Y.; Xu, M. Q.; Zhou, W.*; Yao, S. Y.*; Ma, D.*Maximizing the Synergistic Effect of CoNi Catalyst on α-MoC for Robust Hydrogen ProductionJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 143, 628-633, (2021)

48. Lin, L. L.#; Yu, Q. L.#; Peng, M.#; Li, A. W.#; Yao, S. Y.; Tian, S. H.; Liu, X.; Li, A.; Jiang, Z.; Gao, R.*; Han, X. D.; Li, Y. W.; Wen, X. D.; Zhou, W.*; Ma, D.*Atomically dispersed Ni/α-MoC catalyst for hydrogen production from methanol/waterJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 143, 309-317, (2021)

47. Xu, M. Q.#; Li, A. W.#; Gao, M.#Zhou, W.*Single-atom electron microscopy for energy-related nanomaterialsJournal of Materials Chemistry A 8, 16142-16165, (2020)

46. Chen, X. Y.#; Lei, B.#; Zhu, Y.; Zhou, J. D.; Liu, Z.; Ji, W.*Zhou, W.*Pristine edge structures of T”-phase transition metal dichalcogenides (ReSe2, ReS2) atomic layersNanoscale12, 17005-17012, (2020)

45. Zhao, X. X.#; Song, P.#; Wang, C. C.; Riis-Jensen, A. C.; Fu, W.; Deng, Y.; Wan, D. Y.; Kang, L. X.; Ning, S. C.; Dan, J. D.; Venkatesan, T.; Liu, Z.; Zhou, W.; Thygesen, K. S.; Luo, X.*; Pennycook, S. J.*; Loh, K. P.*, Engineering covalently bonded 2D layered materials by self-intercalationNature 581, 171-177, (2020)

44. Wu, L. M.#; Shi, J. A.#; Zhou, Z.; Yan, J. H.; Wang, A. W.; Bian, C.; Ma, J. J.; Ma, R. S.; Liu, H. T.; Chen, J. C.; Huang, Y.; Zhou, W.*; Bao, L. H.*; Ouyang, M.; Pantelides, S. T.; Gao, H. J., InSe/hBN/graphite heterostructure for high-performance 2D electronics and flexible electronics. Nano Research 13, 1127–1132, (2020)

43. Zhou, J. D.; Lin, J. H.; Sims, H.; Jiang, C. Y.; Cong, C. X.; Brehm, J. A.; Zhang, Z. W.; Niu, L.; Chen, Y.; Zhou, Y.; Wang, Y. L.; Liu, F. C.; Zhu, C.; Yu, T.; Suenaga, K.; Mishra, R.; Pantelides, S. T.; Zhu, Z. G. *, Gao, W. B. *, Liu, Z. *, Zhou, W. *Synthesis of Co-doped MoS2 monolayers with enhanced valley splittingAdvanced Materials 32, 1906536, (2020)

42. Gao, C.; Tao, L.; Zhang, Y.*; Du, S.; Pantelides, S.T.; Idrobo, J.C.; Zhou, W.*; Gao, H.J. Spectroscopic signatures of edge states in hexagonal boron nitrideNano Research 12, 1663-1667 (2019)

41. Lin, L.; Yao, S.; Gao, R.; Liang, X.; Yu, Q.; Deng, Y.; Liu, J.; Peng, M.; Jiang, Z.; Li, S.; Li, Y.; Wen, X.*; Zhou, W.*; Ma. D.* A highly CO-tolerant atomically dispersed Pt catalyst for chemoselective hydrogenation. Nature Nanotechnology 14, 354-361 (2019).

40. Yang, S.; Sun, W.; Zhang, Y.; Gong, Y.; Oxley, M.P.; Lupini, A.R.; Ajayan, P.M.; Chisholm, M.F.; Pantelides, S.T.*; Zhou, W.* Direct cation exchange in monolayer MoS2 via recombination-enhanced migration. Physical Review Letters 122, 106101 (2019).

39. Zhao, X.; Ji, Y.; Chen, J.; Fu, W.; Dan, J.; Liu, Y.; Pennycook, S.J.; Zhou, W.*; Loh, K.P.* Healing of planar defects in two-dimensional materials via grain boundary sliding. Advanced Materials 31, 1900237 (2019)

38. Yang, S.; Gong, Y.*; Manchanda, P.; Zhang, Y.; Ye, G.; Chen, S.; Song, L.; Pantelides, S.T.; Ajayan, P.M.*; Chisholm, M.F.; Zhou, W.* Rhenium-doped and stabilized MoS2 atomic layers with basal-plane catalytic activityAdvanced Materials 30, 1803477 (2018)

37. Zhou, W.#,*; Zhang, Y.#; Chen, J.; Li, D.; Zhou, J.; Liu, Z.; Chisholm, M.F.; Pantelides, S.T.; Loh, K.P. Dislocation-driven growth of two-dimensional lateral quantum well superlatticesScience Advances 4, eaap9096 (2018).

36. Zhao, X.; Ding, Z.; Chen, J.; Dan, J.; Poh, S.M.; Fu, W.; Pennycook, S.J.; Zhou, W.*; Loh, K.P.* Strain modulation by van der Waals coupling in bilayer transition metal dichalcogenideACS Nano 12, 1940-1948 (2018).

35. Zhao, X.; Dan, J.; Chen, J.; Ding, Z.; Zhou, W.*; Loh, K.P.*; Pennycook, S.J.* Atom-by-atom fabrication of freestanding monolayer molybdenum membranes. Advanced Materials 1707281 (2018).

34. Zhao, X.; Fu, D.; Ding, Z.; Zhang, Y.; Wan, D.; Tan, S.J.R.; Chen, Z.; Leng, K.; Dan, J.; Fu, W.; Geng, D.; Song, P.; Du, Y.; Venkatesan, T.; Pantelides, S.T.; Pennycook, S.J.; Zhou, W.*; Loh, K.P.* Mo-terminated edge reconstructions in nanoporous molybdenum disulfide filmNano Letters 18, 482-490 (2018).

33.   Yao, S.#; Zhang, X.#Zhou, W.#; Gao, R.; Xu, W.; Ye, Y.; Lin, L.; Wen, X.; Liu, P.; Chen, B.; Crumlin, E.; Guo, J.; Zuo, Z.; Li, W.; Xie, J.; Lu, L.; Kiely, C.J.; Gu, L.; Shi, C.; Rodriguez, J.A.; Ma, D. Atomic layered Au clusters on α-MoC as catalyst for the low temperature water gas shift reactionScience 357, 389-393 (2017).

32.  Lin, L.#Zhou, W.#; Gao, R.#; Yao, S.; Zhang, X.; Xu, W.; Zheng, S.; Jiang, Z.; Yu, Q.; Li, Y.; Shi, C.; Wen, X.; Ma. D. Low-temperature hydrogen production from water and methanol using Pt/α-MoC catalystsNature 544, 80-83 (2017).

31.  Zhou, W.; Soultanidis, N.; Xu, H.; Wong, M. S.; Neurock, M.; Kiely, C. J.; Wachs, I. E. Nature of catalytic active sites in the supported WO3/ZrO2 solid acid system: A current perspectiveACS Catalysis 7, 2181-2198 (2017)

30.   Yin, K.; Zhang, Y.; Zhou, Y.; Sun, L.; Chisholm, M. F.; Pantelides, S. T.; Zhou, W.Unsupported single-atom-thick copper oxide monolayers2D Materials 4, 011001 (2017).

29.   Zheng, W.; Lin, J.; Feng, W.; Xiao, K.; Qiu, Y.; Chen, X.; Liu, G.; Cao, W.; Pantelides, S.T.; Zhou, W.*; Hu, P.* Patterned growth of p-type MoS­2 atomic layers using sol-gel as precursor. Advanced Functional Materials 26, 6371-6379 (2016).

28.    Lin, J.*; Zhang, Y.; Zhou, W.*; Pantelides, S.T. Structural flexibility and alloying in ultrathin transition-metal chalcogenide nanowiresACS Nano 10, 2782-2790 (2016).

27.     Zhou, W.*; Yin, K.; Wang, C.; Zhang, Y.; Xu, T.; Borisevich, A.; Sun, L.; Idrobo, J.C.; Chisholm, M.; Pantelides, S.T.; Klie, R.; Lupini, A.R. The observation of square ice in graphene questionedNature 528, E1-E2 (2015). 

26.     Gong, Y.; Lin, J.; Wang, X.; Shi, G.; Lei, S.; Lin, Z.; Zou, X.; Ye, G.; Vajtai, R.; Yakobson, B.I.; Terrones, H.; Terrones, M.; Tay, B.K.; Lou, J.; Pantelides, S.T.; Liu, Z.; Zhou, W.*; Ajayan, P.M.* Vertical and in-plane heterostructures from WS2/MoS2 monolayersNature Materials 13, 1135-1142 (2014). 

25.     Shen, X.#, *; Hernandez-Pagan, E. A.#Zhou, W.#, *; Idrobo, J. C.; MacDonald, J.; Pennycook, S. J.; Pantelides, S. T. Interlaced crystals having a perfect Bravais lattice and complex chemical order revealed by real-space crystallographyNature Communications 5, 5431 (2014). 

24.     Lin, J.*; Cretu, O.; Zhou, W.* et al. Flexible metallic nanowires with self-adaptive contact to semiconducting transition-metal dichalcogenide monolayersNature Nanotechnology 9, 436-442 (2014). 

23.     Zhou, W. Electron microscopy: A phase transition glides into view. Nature Nanotechnology 9, 333-334 (2014).

22.     Gong, M.#Zhou, W.#; Tsai, M.; Zhou, J.; Guan, M.; Lin, M.; Zhang, B.; Hu, Y.; Wang, D.; Yang, J.; Pennycook, S. J.; Hwang, B.; Dai, H. Nanoscale nickel oxide/nickel hetero-structures for active hydrogen evolution electrocatalysisNature Communications 5, 4695 (2014). 

21.     Najmaei, S.#; Liu, Z.#Zhou, W.#; Zou, X.; Shi, G.; Lei, S.; Yakobson, B. I.; Idrobo, J. C.; Ajayan, P. M.; Lou, J. Vapor phase growth and grain boundary structure of molybdenum disulfide atomic layersNature Materials 12, 754-759 (2013). 

20.     Lee, J.#Zhou, W.#; Pennycook, S. J.; Idrobo, J. C.; Pantelides, S. T. Direct visualization of reversible dynamics in a Si6 cluster embedded in a graphene pore. Nature Communications 4, 1650 (2013). (Highlighted on DOE homepage)

19.     Zhou, W.*; Lee, J.; Nanda, J.; Pantelides, S. T.; Pennycook, S. J.; Idrobo, J. C.* Atomically localized plasmon enhancement in monolayer graphene. Nature Nanotechnology 7, 161-165 (2012). (Highlighted on DOE homepage)

18.  Li, Y.; Zhou, W.; Wang, H.; Xie, L.; Liang, Y; Wei, F.; Idrobo, J.C.; Pennycook, S. J.; Dai, H. An oxygen reduction electrocatalyst based on carbon nanotube-graphene complexesNature Nanotechnology 7, 394-400 (2012).

17.  Zhou, W.; Ross-Medgaarden, E. I.; Knowles, W. V.; Wong, M. S.; Wachs, I. E.; Kiely, C. J. Identification of active Zr-WOx clusters on a ZrO2 support for solid acid catalystsNature Chemistry 1, 722-728 (2009).

16.  Zhou, W.*; Kapetanakis, M.; Prange, M. P.; Pantelides, S. T.; Pennycook, S. J.; Idrobo, J. C.* Direct determination of the chemical bonding of individual impurities in graphenePhysical Review Letters 109, 206803 (2012). (Featured as Editors’ Suggestions; highlighted on DOE homepage)

15.  Zhou, W.*; Zou, X.; Najmaei, S.; Liu, Z.; Shi, Y.; Kong, J.; Lou, J.; Ajayan, P. M.; Yakobson, B. I.; Idrobo, J. C. Intrinsic structural defects in monolayer molybdenum disulfideNano Letters 13, 2615-2522 (2013).

14.  Zhou, W.*; Oxley, M.P.; Lupini, A.R.; Krivanek, O.L.; Pennycook, S.J.; Idrobo, J.C*. Single atom microscopy. Microscopy and Microanalysis 18, 1342-1354 (2012).

13.  Zhou, W.*; Pennycook, S. J.; Idrobo, J. C.*Localization of inelastic electron scattering in the low-loss energy regimeUltramicroscopy 119, 51-56 (2012).

12.  Lin, J.; Pantelides, S.T.; Zhou, W.*Vacancy-induced growth of inversion domains in transition-metal dichalcogenide monolayerACS Nano 9, 5189-5197 (2015). 

11.  Gong, M.#Zhou, W.#; Kenney M.J.; Kapusta, R.; Cowley, S.; Wu, Y.; Lu, B.; Lin, M.; Wang, D.; Yang, J.; Hwang, B.; Dai, H. Blending Cr2O3 into NiO-Ni electrocatalyst for sustained water splitting. Angew. Chem. Int. Edit 127, 12157-12161 (2015). 

10.  Gong, Y.; Lei, S.; Ye, G.; Li, B.; He, Y.; Keyshar, K.; Zhang, X.; Wang, Q.; Lou, J.; Liu, Z.; Vajtai, R.; Zhou, W.*; Ajayan, P.M.* Two-step growth of two-dimensional WSe2/MoSe2 heterostructures. Nano Letters 15, 6135-6141 (2015). 

9.  Gong, Y.; Liu, Z.; Lupini, A.R.; Shi, G.; Lin, J.; Najmaei, S.; Lin, Z.; Elias, A.L.; Berkdemir, A.; You, G.; Terrones, H.; Terrones, M.; Vajtai, R.; Pantelides, S.T.; Pennycook, S.J.; Lou, J.; Zhou, W.*; Ajayan, P.M.* Band gap engineering and layer-by-layer mapping of selenium-doped molybdenum disulfide. Nano Letters 14, 442-449 (2014). 

8.  Dixit, H.#Zhou, W.#; Idrobo, J. C.; Nanda, J.; Cooper, V. R. Facet dependent disorder in the pristine high voltage lithium-manganese-rich cathodesACS Nano 8, 12710-12716 (2014). 

7.  Lin, J.; Fang, W.; Zhou, W.*; Lupini, A.R.; Idrobo, J.C.; Kong, J.; Pennycook, S.J.; Pantelides, S.T. AC/AB stacking boundaries in bilayer grapheneNano Letters13, 3262-3268 (2013) 

6.  Wang, H.#Zhou, W.#; Liu, J.#; Si, R.; Sun, G.; Zhong, M.; Su, H.; Zhao, H.; Rodriguez, J.A.; Pennycook, S. J.; Idrobo, J. C.; Li, W.; Kou, Y.; Ma, D. Platinum-modulated cobalt nanocatalysts for low-temperature aqueous-phase Fischer-Tropsch synthesis. Journal of the American Chemical Society 135, 4149-4158 (2013). 

5.  Shi, Y.#Zhou, W.#; Lu, A.; Fang, W.; Lee, Y.; Hsu, A.L.; Kim, S.M.; Kim, K.K.; Yang, H.Y.; Li, L.; Idrobo, J.C.; Kong, J. van der Waals epitaxy of MoS2 layers using graphene as growth templates. Nano Letters 12, 2784-2791(2012). 

4.  Zhou, W.*; Wachs, I. E.; Kiely, C. J.* Nanostructural and chemical characterization of supported metal oxide catalysts by aberration corrected analytical electron microscopy. Current Opinion in Solid State & Materials Science 16, 10-22 (2012). 

3.  Lee, J.; Yang, Z.; Zhou, W.; Pennycook, S.J.; Pantelides, S.T.; Chisholm, M.F. Stabilization of graphene nanopore. PNAS 111, 7522-7526 (2014). 

2.  Liu, Z.; Ma, L.; Gang, S.; Zhou, W.; Gong, Y.; Lei, S.; Yang, X.; Zhang, J.; Yu, J.; Hackenberg, K. P.; Babakhani, A.; Idrobo, J. C.; Vajtai, R.; Lou, J.; Ajayan, P. M. In-plane heterostructures of graphene and hexagonal boron nitride with controlled domain sizesNature Nanotechnology 8, 119-124 (2013).

1.  Lee, J.; Zhou, W.; Idrobo, J. C.; Pennycook, S. J.; Pantelides, S. T. Vacancy-driven anisotropic defect distribution in the battery-cathode material LiFePO4Physical Review Letters 107, 085507 (2011). (Featured as Editors’ Suggestions) 


Prof. Hongjun Gao (IoP, CAS); Prof. Ding Ma (Peking University); Prof. Sokrates Pantelides (Vanderbilt University); Prof. Stephen Pennycook (UCAS); Prof. Zheng Liu (Nanyang Technological University); Prof. Kian Ping Loh (National University of Singapore); Prof. Hongjie Dai (Stanford University); Prof. Pulickel M. Ajayan (Rice University); Prof. Jun Lou (Rice University); Dr. Kazu Suenaga (AIST, Japan); Prof. Qihua Xiong (Tsinghua University); Dr. Juan-Carlos Idrobo (Oak Ridge National Laboratory); Dr. Andrew Lupini (Oak Ridge National Laboratory); Prof. Jing Kong (MIT); Prof. Christopher Kiely (Lehigh University); Prof. Yongji Gong (Beihang University); Prof. Yu-Yang Zhang (UCAS)

Group members


陈喜亚  博士研究生  070205-凝聚态物理  

笪蕴力  硕士研究生  085204-材料工程  

高闯  硕士研究生  070205-凝聚态物理  

孟东倩  硕士研究生  070205-凝聚态物理  


马银行  博士研究生  070205-凝聚态物理  

李傲雯  博士研究生  070205-凝聚态物理  

许名权  博士研究生  070205-凝聚态物理  

朱勇  博士研究生  070205-凝聚态物理  

彭星杰  硕士研究生  070205-凝聚态物理  

高猛  博士研究生  070205-凝聚态物理  

Group Alumni

Yunli Da (2021 M.S., UCAS)

Kai Xu (2021 B.S., UCAS)

Xiya Chen东方晶源微电子科技有限公司 电子光学工程师。(2020 Ph.D., UCAS. Co-supervised with Prof. Hong-Jun Gao.)

Xin Wei, Ph.D. candidate at Stanford University. (2020 B.S., UCAS)

Ziyu Xiang, Ph.D. candidate at University of California, Berkeley. (2020 B.S., UCAS)

Chuang GaoPh.D. candidate at University of Antwerp. (2019 Master, UCAS. Co-supervised with Prof. Hong-Jun Gao).

Xiaoxu ZhaoPostdoc, Nanyang Technological University. (2019 Ph.D., National University of Singapore. Co-supervised with Profs. Kian Ping Loh and Steve Pennycook.)

Junhao LinAssociated Professor, Southern University of Science and Technology. (2015 Ph.D., Vanderbilt University. Co-supervised with Prof. Sokrates Pantelides.)