基本信息

吴先前  男  副研究员 / 博士生导师

Email: wuxianqian@imech.ac.cn

Address: 北京市北四环西路15号

研究领域

强激光驱动的爆炸与冲击效应

先进防护材料与结构的动态力学行为

微纳尺度冲击动力学

工作/学习经历

2019.07~2020.03, California Institute of Technology, Visiting Associate

2015.12~现在, 中国科学院力学研究所, 副研究员

2013.02~2014.02, Case Western Reserve University, Research Associate​

2012.07~2015.12, 中国科学院力学研究所, 助理研究员

2007.09~2012.07, 中国科学院研究生院, 工学博士

2001.09~2005.07, 武汉理工大学, 工学学士

奖励信息

2021年,优秀青年人才培育A类计划,中国科学院力学研究所

2018年, 爆炸力学优秀青年学者, 中国力学学会

2012年,中国科学院院长优秀奖, 中国科学院

2012年, 郭永怀奖, , 中国科学院力学研究所

招生/招聘

现指导研究生:

雷旭东  博士研究生

谷周澎  博士研究生 

张    炜  硕士研究生

程玉洁  硕士研究生

已指导研究生:

殷秋运  博士研究生(2016年获国家奖学金,2017年获郭永怀二等奖,2017年毕业后入职中山大学)

肖凯璐  博士研究生(2018年获国家奖学金,2021年获郭永怀一等奖、中国科学院院长优秀奖)

陈昱羽  硕士研究生(2021年毕业后进入上海交通大学攻读博士学位)

招生/招聘需求:

每年招收1~2名研究生,需有力学材料物理专业背景;

目前课题组有特别研究助理博士后项目聘用人员工作岗位,欢迎大家申请!

科研项目

[1] JKW基础加强重点项目, XXX纤维动态力学性能, 主持, (2021~2025).

[2] JKW基础加强重点项目, XXX冲击防护理论研究, 主持, (2019~2023).

[3] JKW基础加强重点项目, XXX纤维复合材料冲击响应机理研究, 主持, (2019~2022).

[4] 中科院仪器功能开发项目, 强激光驱动的微颗粒高速冲击实验装置研制, 主持, (2019~2021).

[5] ZF预研基金课题, 高冲击过载作用下新型防护技术, 主持, (2018~2020).

[6] 国家自然科学基金面上项目, 剪切增稠流体填充轻质点阵夹层板的动力学行为与能量耦合耗散机制, 主持, (2017~2021).

[7] 国家自然科学基金青年项目, 多晶冰力学性能的应变率与温度效应及其微观机制, 主持, (2015~2017).

发表论文/论著

[1] L. Li, R. Zhang, X. Wu, Z. Gu, C. Wang, H. Jiang, Constitutive behavior predictions of mushy zone during solidification by phase field model and coupled Eulerian–Lagrangian method, Computational Materials Science, 201 (2022).

[2] K. Xiao, X. Lei, Y. Chen, Q. An, D. Hu, C. Wang, X. Wu, C. Huang, Extraordinary impact resistance of carbon nanotube film with crosslinks under micro-ballistic impact, Carbon, 175 (2021) 478-489.

[3] J. Dong, X. Song, Z.J. Wang, K. Xiao, Y. Liu, G. Wilde, X. Wu, M. Jiang, Impact resistance of single-layer metallic glass nanofilms to high-velocity micro-particle penetration, Extreme Mechanics Letters, 44 (2021) 101258.

[4] Y. Chen, K. Xiao, J. Yue, Q. Yin, X. Wu, C. Huang, Atomistic study on the anomalous temperature-dependent dynamic tensile strength of ice under shock loading, Philosophical Magazine, (2021) 1-16.

[5] K. Xiao, X. Wu, X. Song, J. Yuan, W. Bai, C. Wu, C. Huang, Study on performance degradation and damage modes of thin-film photovoltaic cell subjected to particle impact, Scientific Reports, 11 (2021) 782.

[6] X. Lei, X. Wu, Z. Zhang, K. Xiao, Y. Wang, C. Huang, A machine learning model for predicting the ballistic impact resistance of unidirectional fiber reinforced composite plate, Scientific Reports, 11 (2021) 6503.

[7] X. Lei, K. Xiao, X. Wu, C. Huang, Dynamic Mechanical Properties of Several High-Performance Single Fibers, Materials, 14 (2021) 3574.

[8] J. Yue, X. Wu, C. Huang, Multi-field coupling effect and similarity law of floating ice break by vehicle launched underwater, Chinese Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 53 (2021) 1930-1939.[In Chinese]

[9] J. Yue, T. Hong, X. Wu, C. Huang, A modified reaction model of aluminum dust detonation, Explosion And Shock Waves, 41 (2021) 082101.[In Chinese]

[10] F. Zhong, Z. Liu, J. Zhu, X. Wu, S. Jing, Preparationand Impact Protection Application of Nano-microsphere Enhanced Polyurethane Foams, Packaging Engineering, 21 (2020) 167-172.[In Chinese]

[11] K. Xiao, X. Wu, C. Wu, Q. Yin, C. Huang, Residual stress analysis of thin film photovoltaic cells subjected to massive micro-particle impact, RSC Advances, 10 (2020) 13470-13479.

[12] X. Song, X. Wu, K. Xiao, C. Li, H.Y. Wang, M. Jiang, Nanosecond laser ablation of a metallic glass in water: a high time-resolved imaging study, Philosophical Magazine, (2020) 1-13.

[13] H. Li, J. Huang, X. Wu, J. Zhang, J. Wang, Y. Wang, C. Huang, Dynamic behaviors of a laser-induced bubble and transition mechanism of collapse patterns in a tube, AIP Advances, 10 (2020) 035210.

[14] Z. Gu, X. Wu, Q. Li, Q. Yin, C. Huang, Dynamic compressive behaviour of sandwich panels with lattice truss core filled by shear thickening fluid, International Journal of Impact Engineering, 143 (2020) 103616.

[15] Q. Yin, L. Hu, X. Wu, K. Xiao, C. Huang, Temperature-dependent phase transformation of ice-1h under ultrafast uniaxial compression: A molecular dynamics simulation, Computational Materials Science, 162 (2019) 340-348.

[16] K. Xiao, J. Li, X. Wu, H. Liu, C. Huang, Y. Li, Nanoindentation of thin graphdiyne films: Experiments and molecular dynamics simulation, Carbon, 144 (2019) 72-80.

[17] X. Song, K.L. Xiao, X. Wu, G. Wilde, M.Q. Jiang, Nanoparticles produced by nanosecond pulse laser ablation of a metallic glass in water, Journal of Non-crystalline Solids, 517 (2019) 119-126.

[18] Y. Guo, Y. Wei, J. Zou, C. Huang, X. Wu, Z. Liu, Z. Yang, Impact and usage of the shear thickening fluid (STF) material in damping vibration of bolted flange joints, Smart Materials and Structures, 28 (2019) 095005.

[19] C. Xu, J. Huang, Y. Wang, X. Wu, C. Huang, X. Wu, Supercavitating flow around high-speed underwater projectile near free surface induced by air entrainment, AIP Advances, 8 (2018) 035016.

[20] X. Wu, K. Xiao, Q. Yin, F. Zhong, C. Huang, Experimental study on dynamic compressive behaviour of sandwich panel with shear thickening fluid filled pyramidal lattice truss core, International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, 138–139 (2018) 467-475.

[21] X. Wang, W. Xia, X. Wu, Y. Wei, C.G. Huang, Scaling Law in Laser-Induced Shock Effects of NiTi Shape Memory Alloy, Metals, 8 (2018) 174.

[22] X. Song, X. Wu, L. Dai, Y. Wei, M. Jiang, Advances on nanosecond pulse laser ablation of amorphous alloys, 39 (2018) 439-452.[In Chinese]

[23] Q. Yin, X. Wu, C. Huang, Atomistic study on shock behaviour of NiTi shape memory alloy, Philosophical Magazine, 97 (2017) 1311-1333.

[24] Y. Wang, C. Xu, X. Wu, C. Huang, X. Wu, Ventilated cloud cavitating flow around a blunt body close to the free surface, Physical Review Fluids, 2 (2017) 084303.

[25] X. Wang, W. Xia, X. Wu, Y. Wei, C. Huang, In-situ investigation of dynamic deformation in NiTi shape memory alloys under laser induced shock, Mechanics of Materials, 114 (2017) 69-75.

[26] M. Jiang, X. Wu, Y. Wei, G. Wilde, L. Dai, Cavitation bubble dynamics during pulsed laser ablation of a metallic glass in water, Extreme Mechanics Letters, 11 (2017) 24-29.

[27] Y. Guo, Y. Wei, Z. Yang, C. Huang, X. Wu, Q. Yin, Nonlinearity of interfaces and force transmission of bolted flange joints under impact loading, International Journal of Impact Engineering, 109 (2017) 214-223.

[28] Y. Wei, Z. Yang, H. Yan, Y.G. Guo, X. Wu, C. Huang, Proactive regulation of axial crushing behavior of thin-walled circular tube by gradient grooves, International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, 108 (2016) 49-60.

[29] Y. Wang, X. Wu, C. Huang, X. Wu, Unsteady characteristics of cloud cavitating flow near the free surface around an axisymmetric projectile, International Journal of Multiphase Flow, 85 (2016) 48-56.

[30] Q. Yin, X. Wu, C. Huang, X. Wang, Y. Wei, Atomistic study of temperature and strain rate-dependent phase transformation behaviour of NiTi shape memory alloy under uniaxial compression, Philosophical Magazine, 95 (2015) 2491-2512.

[31] X. Wu, F. Zhong, Q. Yin, C. Huang, Dynamic response of shear thickening fluid under laser induced shock, Applied Physics Letters, 106 (2015) 071903.

[32] X. Wu, Q. Yin, Y. Wei, C. Huang, Effects of imperfect experimental conditions on stress waves in SHPB experiments, Acta Mechanica Sinica, 31 (2015) 827-836.English

[33] X. Wu, Q. Yin, C. Huang, Experimental study on pressure, stress state, and temperature-dependent dynamic behavior of shear thickening fluid subjected to laser induced shock, Journal of Applied Physics, 118 (2015) 173102.

[34] X. Wu, Y. Wang, C. Huang, Physics of laser propulsion underwater: experiments and modeling, Chinese Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 47 (2015) 687-698.[In Chinese]

[35] X. Wu, V. Prakash, Dynamic strength of distill water and lake water ice at high strain rates, International Journal of Impact Engineering, 76 (2015) 155-165.

[36] X. Wu, V. Prakash, Dynamic compressive behavior of ice at cryogenic temperatures, Cold Regions Science and Technology, 118 (2015) 1-13.

[37] C. Wu, X. Wu, C. Huang, Ablation behaviors of carbon reinforced polymer composites by laser of different operation modes, Optics & Laser Technology, 73 (2015) 23-28.

[38] Z. Yang, H. Yan, C. Huang, X. Diao, X. Wu, S. Wang, L. Lu, L. Liao, Y. Wei, Experimental and numerical study of circular, stainless thin tube energy absorber under axial impact by a control rod, Thin-Walled Structures, 82 (2014) 24-32.

[39] Z. Yang, Y. Wei, J. Zou, C. Huang, L. Lu, X. Wu, W. Xia, Q. Yin, Experimental  and numerical research on the energy absorption behavior of thin-walled tube under impact load, Acta ArmamentarII, (2014) 244-250.[In Chinese]

[40] W. Xia, X. Wang, X. Wu, Y. Wei, C. Huang, L. Lu, Z. Yang, Q. Yin, Phase transformation of NiTi shape memory alloys under the action of laser-induced shock wave, Acta ArmamentarII, (2014) 198-202.[In Chinese]

[41] X. Wu, W. Xia, X. Wang, H. Song, C. Huang, Effect of surface reflectivity on photonic Doppler velocimetry measurement, Measurement Science and Technology, 25 (2014) 055207.

[42] X. Wu, X. Wang, Y. Wei, H. Song, C. Huang, An experimental method to measure dynamic stress-strain relationship of materials at high strain rates, International Journal of Impact Engineering, 69 (2014) 149-156.

[43] Y. Liu, X. Wang, X. Wu, C. Huang, Surface Morphology and Deformation Mechanism of Single Crystal Copper Treated by Laser Shock Peening, Advanced Materials Research, 1016 (2014) 111-114.

[44] W. Xia, X. Wu, Y. Wei, C. Huang, X. Wang, Mechanical properties of NiTi shape memory alloy processed by laser shock peening, Chinese Journal of Lasers, 40 (2013) 1103002.[In Chinese]

[45] X. Wu, Q. Tan, C. Huang, Geometrical scaling law for laser shock processing, Journal of Applied Physics, 114 (2013) 043105.

[46] Y. Wei, B. Wei, X. Wang, G. Xu, L. Li, X. Wu, H. Song, C. Huang, A novel micro-scale plastic deformation feature on a bulk metallic glass surface under laser shock peening, Chinese Physics Letters, 30 (2013) 036201.

[47] X. Wang, W. Xia, X. Wu, Y. Wei, C. Huang, Microstructure and mechanical properties of an austenite NiTi shape memory alloy treated with laser induced shock, Materials Science and Engineering: A, 578 (2013) 1-5.

[48] Y. Liu, X. wang, X. Wu, C. Huang, Surface morphology and deformation mechanism of 304 stainless steel treated by laser shock peening, Chinese Journal of Lasers, 40 (2013) 103004.[In Chinese]

[49] X. Wu, X. Wang, Y. Wei, H. Song, C. Huang, Parametric study on single shot peening by dimensional analysis method incorporated with finite element method, Acta Mechanica Sinica, 28 (2012) 825-837.

[50] X. Wu, Z. Duan, C. Huang, H. Song, A coupling model for computing plasma pressure induced by laser shock peening, Explosion and Shock waves, 32 (2012) 1-7.[In Chinese]

[51] Y. Wei, M. Li, G. Yu, X. Wu, C. Huang, Z. Duan, Effects of laser power density on static and dynamic mechanical properties of dissimilar stainless steel welded joints, Acta Mechanica Sinica, 28 (2012) 1334-1339.

[52] Y. Wang, C. Huang, T. Du, X. Wu, X. Fang, N. Liang, Y. Wei, Shedding Phenomenon of Ventilated Partial Cavitation around an Underwater Projectile, Chinese Physics Letters, 29 (2012) 014601.English

[53] H. Song, X. Wu, J. Wang, C. Huang, Y. Wei, X. Wang, Measurement of free surface velocity in laser shock peening with photonic Doppler velocimetry, Scientia Sinica Physica, Mechanica and Astronomica, 42 (2012) 861-868.[In Chinese]

[54] H. Song, X. Wu, C. Huang, Y. Wei, X. Wang, Measurement of fast-changing low velocities by photonic Doppler velocimetry, Review of Scientific Instruments, 83 (2012) 073301.

[55] X. Wu, C. Huang, X. Wang, H. Song, A new effective method to estimate the effect of laser shock peening, International Journal of Impact Engineering, 38 (2011) 322-329.

[56] X. Wu, Z. Duan, H. Song, Y. Wei, X. Wang, C. Huang, Shock pressure induced by glass-confined laser shock peening: Experiments, modeling and simulation, Journal of Applied Physics, 110 (2011) 053112.

[57] Y. Wei, X. Wu, G. Yu, Z. Duan, Constitutive equations for dissimilar stainless steels laser-welded materials, Explosion and Shock waves, 31 (2011) 455-462.[In Chinese]

[58] X. Wu, C. Huang, H. Song, Parameters analysis of residual stress induced by laser shock processing, Chinese Journal of Lasers, 37 (2010) 2632-2637.[In Chinese]