基本信息

吴先前    男     副研究员

电子邮件: wuxianqian@imech.ac.cn

通信地址: 北京市北四环西路15号

                   中国科学院力学研究所

邮政编码: 100190

研究领域

强激光驱动的爆炸与冲击效应

相变材料与结构的冲击防护性能

低维材料的微尺度冲击动力学行为

工作/学习经历

2019.07~2020.03, California Institute of Technology, Visiting Associate in the group of William A. Goddard III

2015.12~现在, 中国科学院力学研究所, 副研究员

2013.02~2014.02, Case Western Reserve University, Research Associate in the group of Vikas Prakash

2012.07~2015.12, 中国科学院力学研究所助理研究员

2007.09~2012.07, 中国科学院研究生院, 工学博士

2001.09~2005.07, 武汉理工大学, 工学学士

专利/奖励

奖励信息:

(1) 爆炸力学优秀青年学者, 中国力学学会, 2018年

(2) 中国科学院院长优秀奖, 中国科学院, 2012

(3) 郭永怀奖, , 中国科学院力学研究所, 2012

专利成果:

(1) 一种激光冲击强化过程工艺参数实时监测方法, 发明, 2014, 第 4 作者, 专利号: ZLZL201210225116.6

​(2) 一种激光冲击强化过程中冲击波压力测量系统和方法, 发明, 2014, 第 2 作者, 专利号: ZL201210227594.0

(3) 一种水下爆炸实验系统, 发明, 2014, 第 2 作者, 专利号: ZL201210229818.1

(4) 针对具有低速且高加速度特征的质点速度测量方法及装置, 发明, 2014, 第 5 作者, 专利号: ZL201210216938.8

(5) 一种多光路组合冲击强化方法, 发明, 2014, 第 4 作者, 专利号: ZL201210223527.1

(6) 一种模拟水平水下人工通气空化装置, 发明, 2014, 第 4 作者, 专利号: ZL201210227993.7

(7) 强激光驱动的爆炸与冲击效应试验平台, 发明, 2015, 第 4 作者, 专利号: ZL201210249341.3

(8) 一种针对强激光驱动的冲击效应试验的多物理场测量系统, 发明, 2015, 第 3 作者, 专利号: ZL201210247028.6

(9) 液压缓冲器, 发明, 2016, 第 1 作者, 专利号: ZL201410710079.7

发表论文/论著

[1] Z. Gu, X. Wu, Q. Li, Q. Yin, C. Huang, Dynamic compressive behaviour of sandwich panels with lattice truss core filled by shear thickening fluid, International Journal of Impact Engineering, 143 (2020) 103616.

[2] K. Xiao, X. Wu, C. Wu, Q. Yin, C. Huang, Residual stress analysis of thin film photovoltaic cells subjected to massive micro-particle impact, RSC Advances, 10 (2020) 13470-13479.

[3] X. Song, X. Wu, K. Xiao, C. Li, H.Y. Wang, M. Jiang, Nanosecond laser ablation of a metallic glass in water: a high time-resolved imaging study, Philosophical Magazine, (2020) 1-13.

[4] H. Li, J. Huang, X. Wu, J. Zhang, J. Wang, Y. Wang, C. Huang, Dynamic behaviors of a laser-induced bubble and transition mechanism of collapse patterns in a tube, AIP Advances, 10 (2020) 035210.

[5] F. Zhong, Z. Liu, J. Zhu, X. Wu, S. Jing, Preparationand Impact Protection Application of Nano-microsphere Enhanced Polyurethane Foams, Packaging Engineering, 21 (2020) 167-172.[In Chinese]

[6] Q. Yin, L. Hu, X. Wu, K. Xiao, C. Huang, Temperature-dependent phase transformation of ice-1h under ultrafast uniaxial compression: A molecular dynamics simulation, Computational Materials Science, 162 (2019) 340-348.

[7] K. Xiao, J. Li, X. Wu, H. Liu, C. Huang, Y. Li, Nanoindentation of thin graphdiyne films: Experiments and molecular dynamics simulation, Carbon, 144 (2019) 72-80.

[8] X. Song, K.L. Xiao, X. Wu, G. Wilde, M.Q. Jiang, Nanoparticles produced by nanosecond pulse laser ablation of a metallic glass in water, Journal of Non-crystalline Solids, 517 (2019) 119-126.

[9] Y. Guo, Y. Wei, J. Zou, C. Huang, X. Wu, Z. Liu, Z. Yang, Impact and usage of the shear thickening fluid (STF) material in damping vibration of bolted flange joints, Smart Materials and Structures, 28 (2019) 095005.

[10] C. Xu, J. Huang, Y. Wang, X. Wu, C. Huang, X. Wu, Supercavitating flow around high-speed underwater projectile near free surface induced by air entrainment, AIP Advances, 8 (2018) 035016.

[11] X. Wu, K. Xiao, Q. Yin, F. Zhong, C. Huang, Experimental study on dynamic compressive behaviour of sandwich panel with shear thickening fluid filled pyramidal lattice truss core, International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, 138–139 (2018) 467-475.

[12] X. Wang, W. Xia, X. Wu, Y. Wei, C.G. Huang, Scaling Law in Laser-Induced Shock Effects of NiTi Shape Memory Alloy, Metals, 8 (2018) 174.

[13] X. Song, X. Wu, L. Dai, Y. Wei, M. Jiang, Advances on nanosecond pulse laser ablation of amorphous alloys, 39 (2018) 439-452.[In Chinese]

[14] Q. Yin, X. Wu, C. Huang, Atomistic study on shock behaviour of NiTi shape memory alloy, Philosophical Magazine, 97 (2017) 1311-1333.

[15] Y. Wang, C. Xu, X. Wu, C. Huang, X. Wu, Ventilated cloud cavitating flow around a blunt body close to the free surface, Physical Review Fluids, 2 (2017) 084303.

[16] X. Wang, W. Xia, X. Wu, Y. Wei, C. Huang, In-situ investigation of dynamic deformation in NiTi shape memory alloys under laser induced shock, Mechanics of Materials, 114 (2017) 69-75.

[17] M. Jiang, X. Wu, Y. Wei, G. Wilde, L. Dai, Cavitation bubble dynamics during pulsed laser ablation of a metallic glass in water, Extreme Mechanics Letters, 11 (2017) 24-29.

[18] Y. Guo, Y. Wei, Z. Yang, C. Huang, X. Wu, Q. Yin, Nonlinearity of interfaces and force transmission of bolted flange joints under impact loading, International Journal of Impact Engineering, 109 (2017) 214-223.

[19] Y. Wei, Z. Yang, H. Yan, Y.G. Guo, X. Wu, C. Huang, Proactive regulation of axial crushing behavior of thin-walled circular tube by gradient grooves, International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, 108 (2016) 49-60.

[20] Y. Wang, X. Wu, C. Huang, X. Wu, Unsteady characteristics of cloud cavitating flow near the free surface around an axisymmetric projectile, International Journal of Multiphase Flow, 85 (2016) 48-56.

[21] Q. Yin, X. Wu, C. Huang, X. Wang, Y. Wei, Atomistic study of temperature and strain rate-dependent phase transformation behaviour of NiTi shape memory alloy under uniaxial compression, Philosophical Magazine, 95 (2015) 2491-2512.

[22] X. Wu, F. Zhong, Q. Yin, C. Huang, Dynamic response of shear thickening fluid under laser induced shock, Applied Physics Letters, 106 (2015) 071903.

[23] X. Wu, Q. Yin, Y. Wei, C. Huang, Effects of imperfect experimental conditions on stress waves in SHPB experiments, Acta Mechanica Sinica, 31 (2015) 827-836.English

[24] X. Wu, Q. Yin, C. Huang, Experimental study on pressure, stress state, and temperature-dependent dynamic behavior of shear thickening fluid subjected to laser induced shock, Journal of Applied Physics, 118 (2015) 173102.

[25] X. Wu, Y. Wang, C. Huang, Physics of laser propulsion underwater: experiments and modeling, Chinese Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 47 (2015) 687-698.[In Chinese]

[26] X. Wu, V. Prakash, Dynamic strength of distill water and lake water ice at high strain rates, International Journal of Impact Engineering, 76 (2015) 155-165.

[27] X. Wu, V. Prakash, Dynamic compressive behavior of ice at cryogenic temperatures, Cold Regions Science and Technology, 118 (2015) 1-13.

[28] C. Wu, X. Wu, C. Huang, Ablation behaviors of carbon reinforced polymer composites by laser of different operation modes, Optics & Laser Technology, 73 (2015) 23-28.

[29] Z. Yang, H. Yan, C. Huang, X. Diao, X. Wu, S. Wang, L. Lu, L. Liao, Y. Wei, Experimental and numerical study of circular, stainless thin tube energy absorber under axial impact by a control rod, Thin-Walled Structures, 82 (2014) 24-32.

[30] Z. Yang, Y. Wei, J. Zou, C. Huang, L. Lu, X. Wu, W. Xia, Q. Yin, Experimental  and numerical research on the energy absorption behavior of thin-walled tube under impact load, Acta ArmamentarII, (2014) 244-250.[In Chinese]

[31] W. Xia, X. Wang, X. Wu, Y. Wei, C. Huang, L. Lu, Z. Yang, Q. Yin, Phase transformation of NiTi shape memory alloys under the action of laser-induced shock wave, Acta ArmamentarII, (2014) 198-202.[In Chinese]

[32] X. Wu, W. Xia, X. Wang, H. Song, C. Huang, Effect of surface reflectivity on photonic Doppler velocimetry measurement, Measurement Science and Technology, 25 (2014) 055207.

[33] X. Wu, X. Wang, Y. Wei, H. Song, C. Huang, An experimental method to measure dynamic stress-strain relationship of materials at high strain rates, International Journal of Impact Engineering, 69 (2014) 149-156.

[34] Y. Liu, X. Wang, X. Wu, C. Huang, Surface Morphology and Deformation Mechanism of Single Crystal Copper Treated by Laser Shock Peening, Advanced Materials Research, 1016 (2014) 111-114.

[35] W. Xia, X. Wu, Y. Wei, C. Huang, X. Wang, Mechanical properties of NiTi shape memory alloy processed by laser shock peening, Chinese Journal of Lasers, 40 (2013) 1103002.[In Chinese]

[36] X. Wu, Q. Tan, C. Huang, Geometrical scaling law for laser shock processing, Journal of Applied Physics, 114 (2013) 043105.

[37] Y. Wei, B. Wei, X. Wang, G. Xu, L. Li, X. Wu, H. Song, C. Huang, A novel micro-scale plastic deformation feature on a bulk metallic glass surface under laser shock peening, Chinese Physics Letters, 30 (2013) 036201.

[38] X. Wang, W. Xia, X. Wu, Y. Wei, C. Huang, Microstructure and mechanical properties of an austenite NiTi shape memory alloy treated with laser induced shock, Materials Science and Engineering: A, 578 (2013) 1-5.

[39] Y. Liu, X. wang, X. Wu, C. Huang, Surface morphology and deformation mechanism of 304 stainless steel treated by laser shock peening, Chinese Journal of Lasers, 40 (2013) 103004.[In Chinese]

[40] X. Wu, X. Wang, Y. Wei, H. Song, C. Huang, Parametric study on single shot peening by dimensional analysis method incorporated with finite element method, Acta Mechanica Sinica, 28 (2012) 825-837.

[41] X. Wu, Z. Duan, C. Huang, H. Song, A coupling model for computing plasma pressure induced by laser shock peening, Explosion and Shock waves, 32 (2012) 1-7.[In Chinese]

[42] Y. Wei, M. Li, G. Yu, X. Wu, C. Huang, Z. Duan, Effects of laser power density on static and dynamic mechanical properties of dissimilar stainless steel welded joints, Acta Mechanica Sinica, 28 (2012) 1334-1339.

[43] Y. Wang, C. Huang, T. Du, X. Wu, X. Fang, N. Liang, Y. Wei, Shedding Phenomenon of Ventilated Partial Cavitation around an Underwater Projectile, Chinese Physics Letters, 29 (2012) 014601.English

[44] H. Song, X. Wu, J. Wang, C. Huang, Y. Wei, X. Wang, Measurement of free surface velocity in laser shock peening with photonic Doppler velocimetry, Scientia Sinica Physica, Mechanica and Astronomica, 42 (2012) 861-868.[In Chinese]

[45] H. Song, X. Wu, C. Huang, Y. Wei, X. Wang, Measurement of fast-changing low velocities by photonic Doppler velocimetry, Review of Scientific Instruments, 83 (2012) 073301.

[46] X. Wu, C. Huang, X. Wang, H. Song, A new effective method to estimate the effect of laser shock peening, International Journal of Impact Engineering, 38 (2011) 322-329.

[47] X. Wu, Z. Duan, H. Song, Y. Wei, X. Wang, C. Huang, Shock pressure induced by glass-confined laser shock peening: Experiments, modeling and simulation, Journal of Applied Physics, 110 (2011) 053112.

[48] Y. Wei, X. Wu, G. Yu, Z. Duan, Constitutive equations for dissimilar stainless steels laser-welded materials, Explosion and Shock waves, 31 (2011) 455-462.[In Chinese]

[49] X. Wu, C. Huang, H. Song, Parameters analysis of residual stress induced by laser shock processing, Chinese Journal of Lasers, 37 (2010) 2632-2637.[In Chinese]


科研项目

(1) 多晶冰力学性能的应变率与温度效应及其微观机制, 主持, 国家级, 2015-01--2017-12

(2) 低阻抗材料的动态力学性能测试与本构关系研究, 主持, 院级, 2016-02--2017-12

(3) 高速入水诱导冲击载荷特征及主被动降载方法研究, 参与, 国家级, 2017-01--2020-12

(4) XXX的力学响应特性研究, 主持, 国家级, 2014-01--2017-12

(5) 剪切增稠流体填充轻质点阵夹层板的动力学行为与能量耦合耗散机制, 主持, 国家级, 2018-01--2021-12

(6) 高性能复合材料的动力学性能, 主持, 国家级, 2020-01--2023-12

(7) XXXX的动态力学响应机理, 主持, 国家级, 2020-01--2024-12

(8) XXX的冲击防护性能研究, 主持, 国家级, 2020-04--2023-10

(9) 激光水下多发齐射研究, 主持, 院级, 2019-01--2020-11

(10) 基于多普勒频移的微应变测试系统研制, 主持, 院级, 2018-01--2019-06

(11) 强激光驱动的微颗粒高速冲击实验装置研制, 主持, 部委级, 2019-01--2020-12

招生/招聘

现指导研究生:

肖凯璐   硕博连读     080104-工程力学  

雷旭东   硕士研究生  080102-固体力学  

陈昱羽   硕士研究生   080102-固体力学  

谷周澎   硕士研究生  080102-固体力学  

张   炜    硕士研究生  085204-材料工程  

已指导研究生:

殷秋运  博士研究生  080104-工程力学(2017年毕业,入职中山大学)

招生/招聘需求:

每年招收1名研究生,需有力学或材料专业背景;

目前课题组有博士后、特别研究助理、项目聘用人员工位岗位,欢迎大家申请!