Prof. SUN Xiaochun

School of Humanities

University of Chinese Academy of Sciences

55 Zhongguancun East Road

Research Areas

History of Science and Technology

History of Astronomy

History and Sociology of Science

Philosophy of Science


Bachelor of Science, Astronomy, Nanjing University, China, 1984

Master of Science, Astronomy, Nanjing University, China, 1989

Ph.D. History of Astronomy, Institute for the History of Natural Science, CAS, 1993

Ph.D. History and Sociology of Science, University of Pennsylvania, 2007


Work Experience

1995-1999, Institute for the History of natural Science, Associate Professor.

1996-2000, The Chronological Studies of the Xia, Shang, and Zhou dynasties, a nation-wide collaborative project organized by the Ministry of Science, sub-project leader.

2007-2011, Max Planck Society and Chinese Academy of Sciences Partner Group on History of Science, Group Leader.

2008-  Centre for Ancient Chinese Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatory of China; Director.

2009-2015, Institute for the History of Natural Science, Deputy Director.

2015-  School of Humanities, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Deputy Dean.

Teaching Experience

Courses taught:

History of Chinese Sciences

Scientific Revolution

Readings in History and Philosophy of Science

Essentials of History of Science

Seminar on History of Chinese  Astronomy



Sun Xiaochun. 1994. On the constellations of Shi Shen’s Astronomical School during the Han Dynasty. Studies in the History of Natural Sciences, 13 (2): 123-138. [In Chinese]

Sun Xiaochun & J. Kistemaker. 1997. The Chinese Sky during the Han: Constellating Stars & Society. Leiden: Brill.

Sun Xiaochun. 2000. “Crossing the Boundaries Between Heaven and Man: Astronomy in Ancient China.” In Astronomy Across Cultures: The History of Non-Western Astronomy, ed. Helaine Selin, 423-54. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Kwan-Yu Chen and Xiaochun Sun, eds. 2006. Frontiers of Oriental Astronomy. China Science and Technology Press.

Xiaochun Sun. 2005. Moral and Political Significances of Nature in Ancient China. Studies in the History of Natural Sciences. Vol. 24, suppl., pp. 49-57.

Sun Xiaochun.  2006 Calendar-Testing in the Song Calendar Reform and Ancient Chinese Planetary Astrology. Studies in the History of Natural Sciences, 25 (4): 311-321. [In Chinese]

Sun Xiaochun. 2004. Discourses on Celestial Omens and Disastrous Occurrences in the Political Context of the Northern Song. Studies in the History of Natural Sciences, 23 (3): 218-231. [In Chinese]

Xiaochun Sun. 2011. Connecting Heaven and Man: The role of astronomy in ancient Chinese society and culture. In: David Valls-Gabaud, Alexander Boksenberg (eds.). The Role of Astronomy in Society and Culture. Proceedings of the 260th Symposium of the International Astronomical Union held at the UNESCO Headquarters, January 19-23, 2009. Cambridge University Press, 98-106.

Xiaochun Sun. 2012. The Impact of the Telescope on Astronomy and Society in China. In: Donald G. York, Owen Gingerich, Shuang-Nan Zhang, eds. The Astronomy Revolution: 400 Years of Exploring the Cosmos. London,New York: CRC Press. Pp. 281-290.  

Sun Xiaochun and Han Yi. 2014. The Northern Song State’s Financial Support for Astronomy. East Asian Science Technology and Medicine. Number 38 (2013), pp.17-54.

Xiaochun Sun. 2015. Water-Powered Astronomical Clock-Tower. In: Clive L. N. Ruggles, ed. Handbook of Archaeoastronomy and Ethnoastronomy. Springer. Pp. 2033-39.

Xiaochun Sun. 2015. Taosi Observatory. In: Clive L. N. Ruggles, ed. Handbook of Archaeoastronomy and Ethnoastronomy. Springer. Pp. 2105-10.

Research Interests

History of Science

History of Astronomy

Philosophy of Science



王国强  博士研究生  071200-科学技术史  

冯翔  硕士研究生  071200-科学技术史  

李红  硕士研究生  071200-科学技术史  

宁晓玉  硕士研究生  071200-科学技术史  

吴蕴豪  博士研究生  071200-科学技术史  

黎耕  硕士研究生  071200-科学技术史  

王广超  博士研究生  071200-科学技术史  

王浩强  硕士研究生  071200-科学技术史  

黎耕  博士研究生  071220-科学史  

储姗姗  硕士研究生  071220-科学史  

李国强  硕士研究生  071220-科学史  

郑术  博士研究生  071220-科学史  

杨帆  硕士研究生  071220-科学史  

吕传益  博士研究生  071220-科学史  

石爱洁  硕士研究生  071220-科学史  

储姗姗  博士研究生  071220-科学史  

肖尧  硕士研究生  0712Z1-科学史  

吴玉梅  博士研究生  0712Z1-科学史  

柳紫陌  硕士研究生  0712Z1-科学史  

苗园柯  硕士研究生  0712Z1-科学史  

杨帆  博士研究生  0712Z1-科学史  

林达  硕士研究生  0712Z1-科学史  

郑硕  硕士研究生  0712Z1-科学史  

陈功东  博士研究生  0712Z1-科学史  

张嘉懿  博士研究生  071200-科学技术史  

肖尧  博士研究生  071200-科学技术史  

汤深语  硕士研究生  071200-科学技术史  


周丽晓  博士研究生  071200-科学技术史  

顾盼  博士研究生  071200-科学技术史  

郑硕  博士研究生  071200-科学技术史  

谢亮  博士研究生  071200-科学技术史  

张怡哲  博士研究生  071200-科学技术史  

郑锌煌  硕士研究生  071200-科学技术史  

匡佳慧  博士研究生  071200-科学技术史  

马金  博士研究生  071200-科学技术史  

柳紫陌  博士研究生  071200-科学技术史  

汤深语  博士研究生  071200-科学技术史  

罗依然  硕士研究生  071200-科学技术史  

薛祺  硕士研究生  071200-科学技术史