基本信息
常学向  男  硕导  中国科学院西北生态环境资源研究院
电子邮件: chxx@lzb.ac.cn
通信地址: 兰州市东岗西路320号
邮政编码: 730000

招生信息

   
招生专业
071300-生态学
070501-自然地理学
招生方向
生态水文
自然地理

教育背景

2001-09--2006-09   中国科学院研究生院   研究生学历 博士学位
1987-09--1991-07   西北林学院   本科学历 学士学位

工作经历

   
工作简历
2016-06~现在, 中国科学院西北生态环境资源研究院, 研究员
2016-01~2023-05,中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所, 研究员
2004-06~现在, 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所, 助理研究员 副研究员
2001-09~2006-09,中国科学院研究生院, 研究生学历 博士学位
1991-07~2001-09,甘肃省祁连山水源涵养林研究所, 林业工程师
1987-09~1991-07,西北林学院, 本科学历 学士学位

专利与奖励

   
奖励信息
(1) 河西走廊绿洲边缘雨养植被建植及管理的生态水文调控技术, 一等奖, 省级, 2017
(2) 绿洲农林复合系统水分高效利用研究与示范, 二等奖, 省级, 2010
(3) 内陆河流域水资源紧缺性绿洲的系统节水技术和途径, 二等奖, 省级, 2007
(4) 祁连山青海去杉林碳平衡研究, 三等奖, 省级, 2000

出版信息

   
发表论文
(1) 干旱区气候变化及其对山地森林生态系统稳定性和水文过程影响研究进展, 干旱区地理, 2024, 第 11 作者
(2) 西藏典型沙漠区生态修复植物群落物种多样性, 中国沙漠, 2021, 第 1 作者
(3) Assessing spatial and temporal variability in waterconsumption and the maintainability oasis maximumarea in an oasis region of Northwestern China, Assessing spatial and temporal variability in waterconsumption and the maintainability oasis maximumarea in an oasis region of Northwestern China, 寒旱区科学:英文版, 2020, 第 1 作者
(4) 2004-2016年中国生态系统研究网络水体酸碱度和总溶解性固体数据集, A dataset of water pH and total dissolved solid contents of Chinese Ecosystem Research Network during 2004���2016, 中国科学数据:中英文网络版, 2020, 第 8 作者
(5) Assessing spatial and temporal variability in water consumption and the maintainability oasis maximum area in an oasis region of Northwestern China, Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions, 2020, 第 1 作者
(6) 2004–2016年中国生态系统研究网络(CERN)台站水中八大离子数据集, A dataset of eight ions in the water at stations of Chinese Ecosystem Research Network(CERN)during 2004���2016, 中国科学数据:中英文网络版, 2020, 第 8 作者
(7) Mechanisms and feedbacks for evapotranspiration-induced salt accumulation and precipitation in an arid wetland of China, JOURNAL OF HYDROLOGY, 2019, 第 5 作者
(8) Estimating water consumption based on meta-analysis and MODIS data for an oasis region in northwestern China, AGRICULTURALWATERMANAGEMENT, 2018, 第 11 作者
(9) Can forest water yields be increased with increased precipitation in a Qinghai spruce forest in arid northwestern China?, AGRICULTURAL AND FOREST METEOROLOGY, 2017, 第 11 作者
(10) Evapotranspiration partitioning, stomatal conductance, and components of the water balance: A special case of a desert ecosystem in China, JOURNAL OF HYDROLOGY, 2016, 第 3 作者
(11) Assessing temperature sensitivity of subalpine shrub phenology in semi-arid mountain regions of China, AGRICULTURAL AND FOREST METEOROLOGY, 2015, 第 7 作者
(12) Crop evapotranspiration-based irrigation management during the growing season in the arid region of northwestern China, ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT, 2015, 第 11 作者
(13) Crop evapotranspiration-based irrigation management during the growing season in the arid region of northwestern China (SCI), ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT, 2015, 
(14) 祁连山青海云杉(Picea crassifolia)夜间树干液流特征及影响因素, 冰川冻土, 2015, 第 2 作者
(15) Water accounting for conjunctive groundwater and surface water irrigation sources: A case study in the middle Heihe River Basin of arid northwestern China, Water accounting for conjunctive groundwater and surface water irrigation sources: A case study in the middle Heihe River Basin of arid northwestern China, SCIENCES IN COLD AND ARID REGIONS, 2015, 第 11 作者
(16) Qinghai spruce (Picea crassifolia) forest transpiration and canopy conductance in the upper Heihe River Basin of arid northwestern China (SCI), AGRICULTURAL AND FOREST METEOROLOGY, 2014, 
(17) Qinghai spruce (Picea crassifolia) forest transpiration and canopy conductance in the upper Heihe River Basin of arid northwestern China, AGRICULTURAL AND FOREST METEOROLOGY, 2014, 第 11 作者
(18) Radial pattern of sap flow and response to microclimate and soil moisture in Qinghai spruce (Picea crassifolia) in the upper Heihe River Basin of arid northwestern China (SCI), AGRICULTURAL AND FOREST METEOROLOGY, 2014, 
(19) Spatial variability of canopy interception in a spruce forest of the semiarid mountain regions of China, AGRICULTURAL AND FOREST METEOROLOGY, 2014, 第 6 作者
(20) Radial pattern of sap flow and response to microclimate and soil moisture in Qinghai spruce (Picea crassifolia) in the upper Heihe River Basin of arid northwestern China, AGRICULTURAL AND FOREST METEOROLOGY, 2014, 第 11 作者
(21) 近30年来黑河流域中游临泽县地下水变化趋势, 干旱区研究, 2013, 第 1 作者
(22) 青海云杉(Picea crassifolia)边材心材边界的确定及树干传输水分的空间格局, Sapwood/Heartwood Boundary Determine and Spatial Pattern of Trunk Liquid Transfer of the Picea crassifolia, 冰川冻土, 2013, 第 1 作者
(23) The response of soil moisture to rainfall event size in subalpine grassland and meadows in a semi-arid mountain range: A case study in northwestern China���s Qilian Mountains, JOURNAL OF HYDROLOGY, 2012, 第 4 作者
(24) The response of soil moisture to rainfall event size in subalpine grassland and meadows in a semi-arid mountain range: A case study in northwestern China's Qilian Mountains (EI), JOURNAL OF HYDROLOGY, 2012, 
(25) 黑河流域荒漠区土壤水分对降水脉动响应, Response of Soil Moisture to Rainfall Pulse in Desert Region of the Heihe River Basin, 中国沙漠, 2011, 第 3 作者
(26) Water requirements and stability of oasis ecosystem in arid region, China, ENVIRONMENTAL EARTH SCIENCES, 2010, 第 3 作者
(27) 黑河流域荒漠区降水格局及其脉动特征, Rainfall patterns and pulse characteristics in desert regions of the Heihe River basin, 生态学报, 2010, 第 2 作者
(28) Transpiration of a Linze jujube orchard in an arid region of China (EI), HYDROLOGICAL PROCESSES, 2009, 
(29) 两种测定树干液流方法的比较研究, Comparison of Two Sap Flow Measure Methods, 冰川冻土, 2009, 第 2 作者
(30) 林木尺度水分利用测量方法与研究进展, 冰川冻土, 2009, 第 1 作者
(31) Water requirements and stability of oasis ecosystem in arid region, China (EI), ENVIRONMENTAL EARTH SCIENCES, 2009, 
(32) Transpiration of a Linze jujube orchard in an arid region of China, HYDROLOGICAL PROCESSES, 2009, 
(33) 祁连山典型流域谷地植被斑块演变与土壤性状, Changes in vegetative patches and characteristics in soil properties in the valleys of Qilian Mountains, 生态学报, 2008, 第 2 作者
(34) 荒漠区固沙植物梭梭(Haloxylon ammodendron)耗水特征, Water consumption characteristic of Haloxylon ammodendron for sand binding in desert area, 生态学报, 2007, 第 1 作者
(35) 黑河中游荒漠绿洲过渡带土壤水分与植被空间变异, Spatial variability of soil moisture and vegetation in desert-oasis ecotone in the middle reaches of Heihe River Basin, 生态学报, 2007, 第 3 作者
(36) Scale dependence in desert plant diversity, BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION, 2006, 第 3 作者
(37) Scale dependence in desert plant diversity (SCI), BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION, 2006, 
(38) Sap flow of the Gansu Poplar shelter-belt in arid region of Northwest China, Agric. For. Meteorol., 2006, 第 1 作者
(39) 黑河中游二白杨叶面积指数动态变化及其与耗水量的关系, Variation of Leaf Area Index of Gansu Poplar and Its Relation to Water Consumption during Growing Season in the Middle Reaches of Heihe River, 冰川冻土, 2006, 第 1 作者
(40) A Leguminous Shrub (Caragana microphylla) in Semiarid Sandy Soils of North China, PEDOSPHERE, 2006, 第 5 作者
(41) A Leguminous Shrub (Caragana microphylla) in Semiarid Sandy Soils of North China, A Leguminous Shrub (Caragana microphylla) in Semiarid Sandy Soils of North China, 土壤圈:英文版, 2006, 
(42) Increased sensitivity to salt stress in an ascorbate-deficient Arabidopsis mutant, JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BOTANY, 2005, 
(43) 荒漠生态系统健康评价的探索, Assessment of the Health of Desert Ecosystem, 中国沙漠, 2005, 第 2 作者
(44) 黑河中游沙枣树干液流的动态变化及其与林木个体生长的关系, 中国沙漠, 2004, 第 1 作者
(45) 荒漠绿洲农田防护树种二白杨生长季节树干液流的变化, 生态学报, 2004, 第 1 作者
(46) 我国北方沙漠化生态系统修复案例, A Case Study on Desert Ecological Recovery in the Northern Part of China, 中国水利, 2004, 第 3 作者
(47) 荒漠植被植物种多样性对空间尺度的依赖, 生态学报, 2004, 第 3 作者
(48) 祁连山区不同海拔草地群落的生物多样性, 应用生态学报, 2004, 第 1 作者
(49) 黑河中游荒漠绿洲区免灌植被土壤水分状况, 水土保持学报, 2003, 第 1 作者
(50) 祁连山林区大气降水特征与森林对降水的截留作用, 高原气象, 2002, 第 1 作者
(51) 祁连山水源涵养林枯枝落叶层水文生态功能, Litter Hydrology and Ecological Functions of Water Resource Conservation Forest in Qilian Mountains, 西北林学院学报, 2001, 第 3 作者
(52) 祁连山林区土壤水分与降水的关系分析, Analysis on Relation of Soil Water and Precipitation of Forest Area in Qilian Mountains, 西北林学院学报, 2001, 第 3 作者
(53) 祁连山林区季节性冻土冻融规律及其水文功能研究, The Freezing and Fusion Rule of Seasonal Frozen Soil and Its Hydrological Function of Forest Area in Qilian Mountains, 西北林学院学报, 2001, 第 1 作者
(54) 祁连山森林水源涵养效益初析, Evaluation on Water Resource Conservation Effect of Forest in Qilian Mountains, 西北林学院学报, 2001, 第 1 作者
(55) 祁连山(北坡)水热状况与植被垂直分布, Vertical Distribution of the Vegetation and Water and Heat Conditions of Qilian Mountain (Northern Slope), 西北林学院学报, 2001, 第 2 作者
(56) 祁连山水源涵养林生物量的研究, 福建林学院学报, 1998, 第 5 作者
(57) 祁连圆柏群落生物量及营养元素积累量, 西北林学院学报, 1997, 第 1 作者
(58) 祁连山林区青海云杉木群落生物量的初步研究, 西北林学院学报, 1996, 第 1 作者
发表著作
( 1 ) 西北旱区绿洲农业水转化多过程耦合与高效用水调控:以甘肃河西走廊黑河流域为例, 科学出版社龙门书局出版, 2021-01, 第 其他 作者

科研活动

   
科研项目
( 1 ) 水文过程与固沙植被格局、过程的互馈机制, 负责人, 国家任务, 2013-01--2017-12