基本信息
彭新华  男  博导  中国科学院南京土壤研究所
电子邮件: xhpeng@issas.ac.cn
通信地址: 南京市北京东路71号
邮政编码: 210008

研究领域

长期从事土壤物理与水文过程研究,目前主要利用micro-CT和同位素示踪等技术,结合长期定位试验和红壤关键带水土过程观测等平台,主要研究内容有:

1)农田土壤结构形成稳定过程及其对土壤固碳、培肥和抗蚀等功能的影响机制

2)多尺度水文过程及其驱动下物质迁移转化规律


招生信息

欢迎土壤学、水文学、生态学、环境科学、数学等相关学科的学生报考!


招生专业
090301-土壤学
083001-环境科学
招生方向
土壤物理肥力与可持续农业
水文过程与物质迁移转化

教育背景

2000-09--2003-06   中科院南京土壤研究所   土壤学-博士
1997-09--2000-07   湖南农业大学资源与环境学院   土壤学-硕士
1991-09--1995-07   湖南师范大学资源与环境学院   地理教育-学士
学历
-- 研究生
学位
-- 博士
出国学习工作

2008/01 - 2009/12,爱尔兰都柏林大学,农业与食品研究中心,Marie Curie Experienced Researcher,合作导师:Nicholas HOLDEN教授

2006/01 - 2007/12,德国基尔大学,植物营养与土壤学研究所,DFG Research Fellow,合作导师:Rainer HORN教授

2004/01 - 2005/12,德国基尔大学,植物营养与土壤学研究所,Max-Planck Research Fellow,合作导师:Rainer HORN教授


工作经历

   
工作简历
2009-09~现在, 中科院南京土壤研究所, 研究员
2008-01~2009-12,University of College Dublin, Ireland, Marie Curie Experienced Researcher
2004-01~2007-12,Kiel University, Germany, Max-Planck Research Fellower
2003-07~2003-12,中科院南京土壤研究所, 助理研究员
社会兼职
2017-01-01-今,《Vadose Zone Journal》, 副主编
2017-01-01-今,《Soil & Tillage Research》期刊, 主编(Editor in Chief)
2016-01-01-今,《Catena》期刊, 编委
2012-09-27-2015-09-18,国际土壤与耕作研究组织, 主席
2012-08-29-2020-08-31,中国土壤物理专业委员会, 主任

教授课程

土壤物理学

专利与奖励

   
奖励信息
   
专利成果
( 1 ) 变换水头法测定土壤饱和导水率的装置, 实用新型, 2010, 第 1 作者, 专利号: 201020202897.3
( 2 ) 3. 一种共沸蒸馏法提取植物水和土壤水的装置, 实用新型, 2012, 第 2 作者, 专利号: ZL201120437280.4
( 3 ) 2. 翻斗式径流量自动自动监测及水沙采样一体机, 实用新型, 2012, 第 2 作者, 专利号: ZL ZL201220360835.4

出版信息

   
发表论文
(1) Temporal dynamics and vertical distribution of newly-derived carbon from a C3/C4 conversion in an Ultisol after 30-yr fertilization, Geoderma, 2019, 通讯作者
(2) Rare earth oxides for labelling soil aggregate turnover: Impacts of soil properties, labelling method and aggregate structure, Geoderma, 2019, 通讯作者
(3) Impact of soil puddling intensity on the root system architecture of rice (Oryza sativa L.) seedlings, Soil & Tillage Research, 2019, 通讯作者
(4) Does animal manure application improve soil aggregation? Insights from nine long-term fertilization experiments, Science of Total Environment., 2019, 通讯作者
(5) The effect of 34-year continuous fertilization on the SOC physical fractions and its chemical composition in a Vertisol., Scientific Report, 2019, 通讯作者
(6) Impacts of residue quality and N input on aggregate turnover using the combined 13C natural abundance and rare earth oxides as tracers., Soil & Tillage Research, 2019, 通讯作者
(7) Linking saturated hydraulic conductivity and air permeability to the characteristics of biopores derived from X-ray computed tomography, Journal of Hydrology, 2019, 通讯作者
(8) The role of sampling strategy on apparent temporal stability of soil moisture under subtropical hydroclimatic conditions., Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics, 2019, 通讯作者
(9) Hydrologic separation and their contributions to N loss in an agricultural catchment in hilly Red Soil region, China Science: Earth Science, 2019, 通讯作者
(10) 不同培肥措施对红壤坡耕地土壤有机碳流失的影响, 《土壤学报》, 2019, 通讯作者
(11) Long-term animal manure application promoted biological binding agents but not soil aggregation in a Vertisol, Soil & Tillage Research, 2018, 通讯作者
(12) Wetting and drying cycles improving aggregation and associated C stabilization differently after straw or biochar incorporated into a Vertisol, Soil & Tillage Research, 2018, 通讯作者
(13) Assessment of water sources and their contributions to streamflow by endmember mixing analysis in a subtropical mixed agricultural catchment, Agricultural Water Management, 2018, 通讯作者
(14) Three dimensional characteristics of biopores and non-biopores in the subsoil respond differently to land use and fertilization, Plant and Soil, 2018, 通讯作者
(15) Bimodal pore structure investigated by a combined SWRC and X-ray Computed Tomography approach, Soil Science Society of America Journal, 2017, 通讯作者
(16) Earthworm burrowing activity of two non-Lumbricidae earthworm species incubated in soils with contrasting organic carbon content (Vertisol vs. Ultisol), Biology and Fertility of Soil, 2017, 通讯作者
(17) Inorganic Fertilization Effects on the Structure of a Calcareous Silt Loam Soil, Agronomy Journal, 2017, 通讯作者
(18) The roles of organic amendments and microbial community in the improvement of soil structure of a Vertisol, Applied Soil Ecology, 2017, 通讯作者
(19) Combined turnover of carbon and soil aggregates using rare earth oxides and isotopically labelled carbon as tracers, Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 2017, 第 1 作者
(20) Linking soil shrinkage behavior and cracking in two paddy soils as affected by wetting and drying cycles, Soil Science Society of America Journal, 2016, 第 1 作者
(21) The impact of manure, straw and biochar amendments on aggregation and erosion in a hillslope Ultisol, CATENA, 2016, 第 1 作者
(22) Soil water storage prediction at high space–time resolution along an agricultural hill slope, Agricultural Water Management, 2016, 通讯作者
(23) Puddling intensity, sesquioxides, and soil organic carbon impacts on crack patterns of two paddy soils, Geoderma, 2016, 通讯作者
(24) Effects of long-term inorganic and organic fertilizations on the soil micro and macro structures of rice paddies, Geoderma, 2016, 通讯作者
(25) Soil water dynamics and availability for citrus and peanut along a hillslope at the Sunjia Red Soil Critical Zone Observatory (CZO), Soil & Tillage Research, 2016, 通讯作者
(26) Macropores generated during shrinkage in two paddy soils using X-ray micro-computed tomography, Geoderma, 2016, 通讯作者
(27) Temporal change in soil macropores measured using tension infiltrometer under different land uses and slope positions in subtropical China, Journal of Soils and Sediments, 2016, 通讯作者
(28) Assessing the contributions of sesquioxides and soil organic matter to aggregation in an Ultisol from long-term fertilization., Soil & Tillage Research, 2015, 第 1 作者
(29) Can shallow-layer measurements at a single location be used to predict deep soil water storage at the slope scale?, Journal of Hydrology, 2015, 通讯作者
(30) Soil structure and its functions in ecosystems: Phase matter and scale matter, Soil and Tillage Research. 146:1-3, 2015, 第 1 作者
(31) Characterizing preferential flow in cracked paddy soils using computed tomography and breakthrough curve,  Soil and Tillage Research. 146:53-65, 2015, 通讯作者
(32) Evaluating contribution of soil water to paddy rice by stable isotopes of hydrogen and oxygen, Paddy and Water Environment. 13:125-133., 2015, 通讯作者
(33) Contrasted effects of biochar on maize growth and N use efficiency depending on soil conditions., International Agrophysics. 29: doi: 10.1515/intag-2015-0023, 2015, 通讯作者
(34) Characteristics of cracks in two paddy soils and their impacts on preferential flow., Geoderma. 228–229: 114–121, 2014, 通讯作者
(35) Evaluating contribution of soil water to paddy rice by stable isotopes of hydrogen and oxygen, Paddy and Water Environment., 2014, 通讯作者
(36) Effect of Rainfall Kinetic Energy on Crust Formation and Interrill Erosion of an Ultisol in Subtropical China, Vadose Zone Journal , 2013, 通讯作者
(37) Modeling grazing effects on soil-water budget under Leymus chinensis and Stipa grandis vegetation in Inner Mongolia, China, Soil Science 178: 256–266., 2013, 通讯作者
(38) Conversion of upland to paddy field specifically alters the community structure of archaeal ammonia oxidizers in an acid soil, Biogeosciences 10:5739–5753., 2013, 通讯作者
(39) Temporal changes in shrinkage behavior of two paddy soils under alternative flooding and drying cycles and its consequence on percolation, Geoderma, 2013, 通讯作者
(40) Effects of organic and inorganic fertilization on soil aggregation in an Ultisol as characterization by synchrotron based X-ray micro-computed tomography, Geoderma, 2013, 通讯作者
(41) Identifying six types of soil shrinkage curves from a large set of experimental data, Soil Science Society of America Journal, 2013, 第 1 作者
(42) Carbon sequestration efficiency in paddy soil and upland soil under long-term fertilization in southern China, Soil and Tillage Research, 2013, 通讯作者
(43) Does soil compaction change soil shrinkage behaviour, Soil and Tillage Research, 2012, 第 1 作者
(44) Effects of vegetation restoration on soil aggregate microstructure quantified with synchrotron-based micro-computed tomography, Soil and Tillage Research, 2012, 通讯作者
(45) Effects of grazing intensity on soil water regime and flux in Inner Mongolia Grassland, China, Pedosphere, 2012, 通讯作者
(46) Effects of grazing intensity on soil thermal properties and heat flux under Leymus chinensis and Stipa grandis vegetation , Soil and Tillage Research, 2012, 通讯作者
(47) 基于同步辐射显微CT研究不同利用年限稻田土壤团聚体微结构特征, 农业工程学报, 2011, 通讯作者
(48) Physical response of rigid and non-rigid soils to analogous biological exudates, European Journal of Soil Science, 2011, 第 1 作者
(49) Temperature- and duration-dependent rice straw-derived biochar Charateristics and its effects on soil properties of an Ultisol in southern China, Soil and Tillage Research, 2011, 第 1 作者
(50) Modelling cryptosporidium oocysts transport in small ungauged agricultural catchments, Water Research, 2011, 第 3 作者
(51) Grazing effects on compressibility of Kastanozems in Inner Mongolian Steppe Ecosystem, Soil Science Society of America Journal, 2011, 第 3 作者
(52) Response of soil moisture and temperature to grazing intensity in a Leymus chinensis steppe Inner Mongolia, Plant and Soil, 2011, 通讯作者
(53) Modelling shrinkage behavior of transiently- and constantly-loaded soils and its consequences on water release characteristics, European Journal of Soil Science, 2009, 第 1 作者
(54) Evaluation of temperature of die-off rate of Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts in water, soil and faeces, Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 2008, 第 1 作者
(55) Time-dependent and anisotropic pore structure and soil strength within 10 yr after previous tractor wheeling under conservation and conventional tillage, Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, 2008, 第 1 作者
(56) Pore shrinkage dependency of inorganic and organic soils on wetting and drying cycles, Soil Science Society of America Journal, 2007, 第 1 作者
(57) Anisotropic shrinkage and swelling of some organic and inorganic soils, European Journal of Soil Science, 2007, 第 1 作者
(58) Quantification of soil shrinkage in 2D by digital image processing of soil surface, Soil Tillage Research, 2006, 第 1 作者
(59) A new model for soil shrinkage curve at a wide range of soil types, Soil Science Society of America Journal , 2005, 第 1 作者
(60) Determination of soil shrinkage behavior in sa saline-sodic soil, Australian Journal of Soil Research, 2005, 第 1 作者
发表著作
(1) 农业物理百科全书, Encyclopedia of Agrophysics: Anisotropy of soil physical properties, Springer, 2011-07, 第 1 作者
(2) 土壤学, Soil Science: The fate and transport of Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts in the soil, InTech, 2011-12, 第 1 作者
(3) 农业模型学:第四章:农业土壤模型, Agricultural Modelling: agricultural soil modelling, 农业气象出版社, 2011-12, 第 1 作者
(4) 土壤科学三十年:从经典到前沿-土壤物理学, 商务印书馆, 2016-08, 第 5 作者
(5) 土壤学若干前沿领域研究进展-土壤结构与功能, 商务印书馆, 2016-08, 第 5 作者

科研活动

   
科研项目
( 1 ) 农田水土保持关键技术与示范:红壤地区农田水土保持关键技术与示范, 主持, 国家级, 2011-01--2015-12
( 2 ) 红壤性水稻土裂隙产生机制及其优势流, 主持, 国家级, 2012-01--2015-12
( 3 ) 基于同步辐射显微CT的土壤三维结构特征及其水力性质的LBM模拟, 参与, 国家级, 2012-01--2014-12
( 4 ) 基于同步辐射技术研究高产农田土壤团聚体微结构特征及其形成机制, 参与, 市地级, 2012-01--2014-12
( 5 ) 固沙植物的生态水文过程、机理及其调控, 主持, 国家级, 2013-01--2017-12
( 6 ) 南方红壤地区集约化种植区面源污染监测技术方法研究, 主持, 国家级, 2013-01--2013-12
( 7 ) 红壤结构形成机制、演变过程及其与水力学性质的关系, 主持, 国家级, 2014-01--2017-12
( 8 ) Activity of soil engineers and soil structure , 参与, 国家级, 2013-01--2014-12
( 9 ) 红壤关键带多尺度水文过程及其驱动下的物质迁移与模型模拟, 主持, 国家级, 2016-01--2019-12
( 10 ) 黄淮平原旱地丰产增效耕作培肥技术模式与示范, 主持, 国家级, 2016-01--2020-12
( 11 ) 土壤物理学, 主持, 国家级, 2018-01--2022-12
参与会议
   

合作情况

   
项目协作单位
   

指导学生

已指导学生

王亮亮  硕士研究生  090301-土壤学  

沈业杰  博士研究生  083001-环境科学  

刘凯  硕士研究生  090301-土壤学  

张中彬  博士研究生  090301-土壤学  

朱巧红  博士研究生  090301-土壤学  

吕玉娟  博士研究生  083001-环境科学  

潘艳斌  硕士研究生  090301-土壤学  

现指导学生

房焕  博士研究生  090301-土壤学  

郭自春  博士研究生  090301-土壤学  

汪亚及  硕士研究生  090301-土壤学  

刘帅  博士研究生  090301-土壤学  

王玥凯  硕士研究生  095103-农业资源利用  

熊鹏  博士研究生  090301-土壤学  

蒋发辉  硕士研究生  095132-资源利用与植物保护