基本信息
陆兴华 男 博导 物理研究所
电子邮件:xhlu@aphy.iphy.ac.cn
通信地址:北京市海淀区中关村南三街8号
邮政编码:100190
部门/实验室:表面实验室

研究领域

单分子激发态动力学探测、单自旋量子态的探测与控制、及DNA单分子测序。
研究工作简介
研究工作集中在单个分子及基本激元(包括声子,自旋,等离子体激元等)的探测﹑控制﹑及其动力学过程。通过探索新的实验测控方法,实现技术创新,揭示微观物理规律,为重大应用(如量子计算,光能转化,DNA测序等)提供物理基础。当前研究工作围绕三个方面展开:

(1)单分子光激发动力学研究。利用超快激光耦合扫描隧道显微镜,探索纳米系统电子激发态和动力学过程在时间和空间上的极限探测和量子调控。期望能由此催生与激发态相关的物理和化学过程等前沿科学问题的研究以及相应学科的发展。

(2)单自旋探测与操纵。研究表面自旋单量子态的测量,控制,相互作用,及局域环境的调制。探索利用表面自旋单量子态构筑量子比特和量子计算的基本物理机理。

(3)纳米孔DNA测序。 研究单个DNA分子在纳米孔中的运动规律,实现对DNA分子在纳米孔中运动的精准控制。探索单个DNA分子碱基序列的无损测定。

近期研究进展: 
(1)研制完成国际上首台深紫外激光原位时间分辨隧道电子谱仪,在原子级空间尺度探测局域超快动力学过程;
(2)实现了利用分子电荷态对单个分子旋转动力学特性的调控;
(3)成功制备了单原子层纳米孔并观察到了DNA分子在孔中的运动;
(4)测量单个碳60分子的电子态密度谱图和分子轨道空间分布图,及其电子量子态与外界环境的相互作用;
(5)研制电子自旋极化扫描隧道显微镜,并在电子自旋共振扫描隧道显微镜的研制上取得了重要的进展。

详细研究工作介绍及最新进展请参考研究组网页 http://sf5.iphy.ac.cn

招生信息

已毕业博士生9名,硕士生2名,就职于国外大学,国内大学和科研机构。在读研究生8名,拟招收研究生2-3名。团队着眼成员长远发展,注重全面素质和能力培养。欢迎有志者报考!详情请见 http://sf5.iphy.ac.cn

招生方向
单分子光激发动力学
单自旋探测与操纵
纳米孔DNA测序

教育背景

1999-08--2006-05 美国加州大学伯克利分校 博士
1996-09--1999-06 清华大学物理系 硕士
1992-09--1996-07 清华大学物理系 学士

工作经历

   
工作简历
2012-05--今 美国物理联合会“Review of Scientific Instruments” 期刊副主编
2009-07--今 表面物理国家重点实验室 副主任
2008-09--今 中国科学院物理研究所 研究员
2006-05--2008-08 美国哈佛大学物理系 博士后

专利与奖励

   
专利申请

(1) 高通量筛选生物分子的装置及其应用,专利申请号:202010946762.6

(2)一种纳米孔微流腔及其应用,专利申请号:202010947474.2

(3)控制生物分子在纳米孔中运动的装置和方法,专利申请号:201911053046.9

(4)一种制备绝缘基座的摸具、方法及基座在分子探测中的应用,发明专利号:ZL201811088465.1

(5)用于蚀刻扫描隧道显微镜针尖的装置和方法,发明专利号:ZL201610427573.1

(6)一种悬空石墨烯的制备方法,发明专利号:ZL201510122914.X

(7)一种氮化硼纳米孔传感器及其制造方法,发明专利号:ZL201410051811.4

(8)一种真空摇摆机械手,发明专利号:ZL201220708824.0

(9)一种真空低温恒温器,发明专利号:ZL201210367868.6

(10) 一种抓取和释放样品托的真空机械手,发明专利号:ZL201210160383.X 

(11)一种真空精密位移装置,发明专利号:ZL201210160407.1

(12)一种控制单个生物分子在纳米孔中运动的系统及方法,发明专利号:ZL201110205106.1 

(13)超小2nm直径金属纳米孔的超快激光脉冲法制备,发明专利号:ZL201110139326.9

(14)一种用于扫描隧道显微镜的光收集装置,发明专利号:ZL201010160542.7 

(15)亚脉冲宽度的2飞秒精度超快时间分辨系统,专利申请号:201110107560.3

(17)一种扫描隧道显微镜扫描头,专利申请号:201310163003.2

(18)一种制备具有可调纳米孔的金属薄片的方法,专利申请号:201210526026.0

(19)一种纳米孔中瞬态电流的补偿方法和补偿电路,专利申请号:201410527668.1

出版信息

   
代表性论文

[1]    Melting of charge density wave and Mott gap collapse on 1T-TaS2 induced by interfacial water, Shiwei Shen, Xiaoqiu Yuan, Chenhaoping Wen, Jingjing Gao, Xuan Luo, Xinghua Lu, Yu-Ping Sun, and Shichao Yan, Physical Review Materials 4, 064007 (2020)

[2]    Rotational and Vibrational Excitations of a Single Water Molecule by Inelastic Electron Tunneling Spectroscopy, Jianmei Li, Qiuhao Xu, Lihuan Sun, Jiyu Xu, Dong Hao, Xiangqian Tang, Xinyan Shan, Sheng Meng, and Xinghua Lu, The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 11, 1650 (2020).

[3]    Observation of Simplest Water Chain on Surface Stabilized by a Hydroxyl Group at One End, An-Ning Dong, Li-Huan Sun, Xiang-Qian Tang, Yi-kun Yao, Yang An, Dong Hao, Xin-Yan Shan, Xing-Hua Lu, Chinese Physics Letters 36, 116801 (2019).

[4]    Translocation of tetrahedral DNA nanostructures through a solid-state nanopore, Xinjia Zhao, Ruiping Ma, Ying Hu, Xiaoyu Chen, Ruifen Dou, Ke Liu, Chengjun Cui, Huajie Liu, Qian Li, Dun Pan, Xinyan Shan, Lihua Wang, Chunhai Fan, Xinghua Lu, Nanoscale, 11, 6263-6269 (2019).

[5]    Double Resonance Raman Scattering in Single-Layer MoSe2 under Moderate Pressure, Jian-mei Li, Yi-kun Yao, Li-huan Sun, Xin-yan Shan, Cong Wang, Xing-hua Lu, Chinese Physics Letters 36, 048201 (2019).

[6]    Identifying Few-Molecule Water Clusters with High Precision on Au(111) Surface, Anning Dong, Lei Yan, Lihuan Sun, Shichao Yan, Xinyan Shan, Yang Guo, Sheng Meng, and Xinghua Lu, ACS Nano 12, 6452 (2018).

[7]    Optical Stark effect of a local defect on the TiO2(110) surface, Lihuan Sun, Anning Dong, Jianmei Li, Dong Hao, Xiangqian Tang, Shichao Yan, Yang Guo, Xinyan Shan, and Xinghua Lu, Physical Review B 98, 081402(2018).

[8]    Near-Infrared Excitation/Emission and Multiphoton-Induced Fluorescence of Carbon Dots, Di Li, Pengtao Jing, Lihuan Sun, Yang An, Xinyan Shan, Xinghua Lu, Ding Zhou, Dong Han, Dezhen Shen, Yuechen Zhai, Songnan Qu, Radek Zboril, and Andrey L. Rogach, Advanced Materials 2018, 1705913 (2018).

[9]    Laser Thinning and Patterning of MoS2 with Layer-by-Layer Precision, Lili Hu, Xinyan Shan, Yanling Wu, Jimin Zhao, Xinghua Lu, Scientific Reports 7, 15538 (2017).

[10]  Inducing Transient Charge State of a Single Water Cluster on Cu(111) Surface, Yang Guo, Zijing Ding, Lihuan Sun, Jianmei Li, Sheng Meng, and Xinghua Lu, ACS Nano 10, 4489 (2016).

[11]  Interfacial Oxygen Vacancies as a Potential Cause of Hysteresis in Perovskite Solar Cells, Fan Zhang, Wei Ma, Haizhong Guo, Yicheng Zhao, Xinyan Shan, Kuijuan Jin, He Tian, Qing Zhao, Dapeng Yu, Xinghua Lu, Gang Lu, Sheng Meng, Chemistry of Materials 28, 802 (2016).

[12]  Revealing Three Stages of DNA-Cisplatin Reaction by a Solid-State Nanopore, Zhi Zhou, Ying Hu, Xinyan Shan, Wei Li, Xuedong Bai, Pengye Wang, Xinghua Lu, Scientific Reports 5, 11868 (2015).

[13]  Coherent Generation of Photo-Thermo-Acoustic Wave from Graphene Sheets, Yichao Tian, He Tian, Y. L. Wu, L. L. Zhu, L. Q. Tao, W. Zhang, Y. Shu, D. Xie, Y. Yang, Z. Y. Wei, X. H. Lu, Tian-Ling Ren, Chih-Kang Shih & Jimin Zhao, Scientific Reports 5, 10582 (2015).

[14]  电子自旋共振扫描隧道显微镜,郭阳,李健梅,陆兴华,物理 443期,1612015

[15]  Long-Lived Multifunctional Superhydrophobic Heterostructure Via Molecular Self-Supply, Yongfeng Huang, Ying Hu, Chongqin Zhu, Fan Zhang, Hui Li, Xinghua Lu, Sheng Meng, Advanced Materials Interfaces 2015, 1500727 (2015).

[16]  Detection and analysis of DNA recapture through a solid-state Nanopore, Ying Hu, Zhi Zhou, Xinyan Shan, Xinghua Lu, Chinese Scientific Bulletin 59, 4953 (2014).

[17]  Raman Spectrum of Epitaxial Graphene Grown on Ion Beam Illuminated 6H-SiC (0001), ZHOU Zhi, HU Ying, SHAN Xin-Yan, LU Xing-Hua, Chinese Physics Letters 31, 116801 (2014).

[18]  Four-fold Raman enhancement of 2D band in twisted bilayer graphene: evidence for a doubly degenerate Dirac band and quantum interference, Yanan Wang, Zhihua Su, Wei Wu, Shu Nie, Xinghua Lu, Haiyan Wang, Kevin McCarty, Shin-shem Pei, Francisco Robles-Hernandez, Viktor G Hadjiev, Jiming Bao, Nanotechnology 25, 335201 (2014).

[19]  Precise Identification and Manipulation of Adsorption Geometry of Donor π Acceptor Dye on Nanocrystalline TiO2 Films for Improved Photovoltaics, Fan Zhang, Wei Ma, Yang Jiao, Jingchuan Wang, Xinyan Shan, Hui Li, Xinghua Lu, and Sheng Meng, ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces 6, 22359(2014).

[20]  Controlling Adsorption Structure of Eosin Y Dye on Nanocrystalline TiO2 Films for Improved Photovoltaic Performances, Fan Zhang, Feng Shi, Wei Ma, Fei Gao, Yang Jiao, Hui Li, Jingchuan Wang, Xinyan Shan, Xinghua Lu, Sheng Meng, Journal of Physical Chemistry C 117, 14659 (2014).

[21]  深紫外固态激光源前沿装备研制, 曹凝, 金鹏, 王占国, 陆兴华, 姚冠辉, 詹文山, 科学院院刊 295072014

[22]  DNA Translocation through Hydrophilic Nanopore in Hexagonal Boron Nitride, Zhi Zhou, Ying Hu, Hao Wang, Zhi Xu, Wenlong Wang, Xuedong Bai, Xinyan Shan & Xinghua Lu, Scientific Reports 3, 3287 (2013).

[23]  Origin of Shape Resonance in Second-Harmonic Generation from Metallic Nanohole Arrays, Ben-Li Wang, Rui Wang, R. J. Liu, X. H. Lu, Jimin Zhao, Zhi-Yuan Li, Scientific Reports, 3, 2358(2013).

[24]  Detecting Larmor Precession of a Single Spin with a Spin-Polarized Tunneling Current, GUO Xiao-Dong, DONG Li, GUO Yang, SHAN Xin-Yan, ZHAO Ji-Min, LU Xing-Hua, Chinese Physics Letters, 30(1), 017601 (2013).

[25]  Visualization of a Maze-Like Reconstruction of Graphene on a Copper Surface at the Atomic Scale, XIE Nan, GONG Hui-Qi, ZHOU Zhi, GUO Xiao-Dong, YAN Shi-Chao, SUN Qian, XING Sirui, WU Wei, PEI Shin-shem, BAO Jiming, SHAN Xin-Yan, GUO Yang, LU Xing-Hua, Chinese Physics Letters, 30(5), 056802 (2013).

[26]  Resonance Raman spectroscopy of G-line and folded phonons in twisted bilayer graphene with large rotation angles, Yanan Wang, Zhihua Su, Wei Wu, Shu Nie, Nan Xie, Huiqi Gong, Yang Guo, Joon Hwan Lee, Sirui Xing, Xiaoxiang Lu, Haiyan Wang, Xinghua Lu, Kevin McCarty, Shin-shem Pei, Francisco Robles-Hernandez, Viktor G. Hadjiev, Jiming Bao, Applied Physics Letters 103, 123101 (2013).

[27]  Tip expansion in a laser assisted scanning tunneling microscope, Nan Xie, Huiqi Gong, Shichao Yan, Jimin Zhao, Xinyan Shan, Yang Guo, Qian Sun, Xinghua Lu, Applied Physics Letters 101, 213104 (2012).

[28]  Turning on and off the Rotational Oscillation of a Single Porphine Molecule by Molecular Charge State, Shichao Yan, Zijing Ding, Nan Xie, Huiqi Gong, Qian Sun, Yang Guo, Xinyan Shan, Sheng Meng, Xinghua Lu, ACS Nano 6(5), 4132 (2012).

[29]  Mapping the Diffusion Potential of Reconstructed Au(111) Surface at Nanometer Scale with 2D Molecular Gas, YAN Shi-Chao, XIE Nan, GONG Hui-Qi, SUN Qian, GUO Yang, SHAN Xin-Yan, LU Xing-Hua, Chinese Physics Letters 29(4), 046803 (2012).

[30]  Purely Coherent Nonlinear Optical Response in Solution Dispersions of Graphene Sheets, Rui Wu, Yingli Zhang, Shichao Yan, Fei Bian, Wenlong Wang, Xuedong Bai, Xinghua Lu, Jimin Zhao, Enge Wang, NANO LETTERS, 11(12), 5159 (2011).

[31]  Local Electronic Properties of Titanocene Chloride Dimer Molecules on a Metal Surface, Ryan Yamachika, Xinghua Lu, Daniel Wegner, Yayu Wang, Andre Wachowiak, Michael Grobis, Lianne M. C. Beltran, Jeffrey R. Long, Mark Pederson, Michael F. Crommie, Journal of Physical Chemistry C 113, 677 (2009).

[32]  Phase separation and charge transfer in a K-doped C60 monolayer on Ag(001), M. Grobis, R. Yamachika, A. Wachowiak, Xinghua Lu, and M. F. Crommie, Physical Review B 80, 073410 (2009).

[33]  Spatially Resolved Electronic and Vibronic Properties of Single Diamondoid Molecules, YAYU WANG, EMMANOUIL KIOUPAKIS, XINGHUA LU, DANIEL WEGNER, RYAN YAMACHIKA, JEREMY E. DAHL, ROBERT M. K. CARLSON, STEVEN G. LOUIE, MICHAEL F. CROMMIE, Nature Materials 7, 38 (2007).

[34]  Spatially Dependent Inelastic Tunneling in a Single Metallofullerene, M. Grobis, K. H. Khoo, R. Yamachika, Xinghua Lu, K. Nagaoka, Steven G. Louie, M. F. Crommie, H. Kato, H. Shinohara, Physical Review Letters 94, 136802 (2005).

[35]  Charge transfer and screening in individual C60 molecules on metal substrates: A scanning tunneling spectroscopy and theoretical study, Xinghua Lu, M. Grobis, K. H. Khoo, Steven G. Louie, M. F. Crommie, Physical Review B 70, 115418 (2004).

[36]  Spatially Mapping the Spectral Density of a Single C60 Molecule, Xinghua Lu, M. Grobis, K. H. Khoo, Steven G. Louie, M. F. Crommie, Physical Review Letters 90, 096802 (2003).

[37]  Local electronic properties of a molecular monolayer: C60 on Ag(001), M. Grobis, X. Lu, M. F. Crommie, Physical Review B 66, 161408 (2002).

[38]  Evidence for a Type-II band alignment between cubic and hexagonal phases of GaN, X. H. Lu, P. Y. Yu, L. X. Zheng, S. J. Xu, M. H. Xie, S. Y. Tong, Applied Physics Letters 82, 1033 (2003).

科研活动

   
主要科研项目
(1) 超快激光耦合扫描隧道显微镜技术与应用研究,主持,国家级,2012-01--2016-08
(2) 表面吸附水分子的超快光激发动力学研究,主持,院级级,2012-01--2013-12
(3) 电子自旋共振扫描隧道显微镜的研制,主持,国家级,2011-01--2013-12
(4) 新型量子功能体系的物性表征及其材料探索,参与,国家级,2010-01--2014-08
(5) 电子自旋共振扫描隧道显微镜机理探索,主持,国家级,2010-01--2012-12
(6) 深紫外激光原位时间分辨隧道电子谱仪的研制,主持,国家级,2007-11--2011-12

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电子邮件:xhlu@aphy.iphy.ac.cn
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