Dr. Dunfeng Gao is currently Professor of Chemistry at the Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics (DICP), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS). He received his B.Sc. in Materials Chemistry from the China University of Petroleum in 2009 and Ph.D. in Physical Chemistry (Catalysis) with Profs. Xinhe Bao & Guoxiong Wang from the DICP in 2015. After his postdoctoral studies with Prof. Beatriz Roldan Cuenya at the Ruhr University Bochum (RUB) and the Fritz Haber Institute (FHI) of the Max Planck Society in Germany (2015-2019), he moved back to the DICP as an associate professor in 2019 and was promoted to a full professor in 2021. His research focuses on electrocatalytic reactions and catalytic materials.

Research Areas

(1) Electrochemical catalysis & activation of small molecules (e.g. CO2, CO, CH4, H2O, N2)

(2) Electrocatalytic reactions and materials

(3) In situ and operando characterizations and mechanistic studies

Please refer to my recent publications. ResearcherID: O-9905-2015; ORCID: 0000-0002-2472-7349Google ScholarResearchGate


2009.09–2015.05  Ph.D. Physical Chemistry (Catalysis)

Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, CAS, Dalian, China

2005.092009.07  B.Sc. Materials Chemistry

China University of Petroleum, Qingdao, China


2021.01–present  Full Professor

State Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Dalian, China

2019.09–2021.01  Associate Professor

State Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Dalian, China

2018.092019.08  Postdoctoral Researcher

Department of Interface Science, Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society, Berlin, Germany

2015.092018.08  Postdoctoral Researcher

Department of Physics, Ruhr-University Bochum, Bochum, Germany



[44] Catalyst design for electrolytic CO2 reduction toward low-carbon fuels and chemicals

Yipeng Zang, Pengfei Wei, Hefei Li, Dunfeng Gao*, Guoxiong Wang*

Electrochemical Energy Reviews 2021, in press


[43] Electrochemical synthesis of catalytic materials for energy catalysis

Dunfeng Gao*, Hefei Li, Pengfei Wei, Yi Wang, Guoxiong Wang*, Xinhe Bao

Chinese Journal of Catalysis 2021, in press

DOI: 10.1016/S1872-2067(21)63940-2

[42] High-rate CO2 electroreduction to C2+ products over a copper-copper iodide catalyst

Hefei Li, Tianfu Liu, Pengfei Wei, Long Lin, Dunfeng Gao*, Guoxiong Wang*, Xinhe Bao

Angewandte Chemie International Edition 2021, 60 (26), 14329–14333.

DOI: 10.1002/anie.202102657

Angewandte Chemie 2021, 133 (26), 14450–14454.

DOI: 10.1002/ange.202102657

[41] Nitrogen and boron co-doped carbon spheres for carbon dioxide electroreduction

Chunfeng Cheng, Jiaqi Shao, Pengfei Wei, Yanpeng Song, Hefei Li, Dunfeng Gao*, Guoxiong Wang*

ChemNanoMat 2021, 7 (6), 635–640.

DOI: 10.1002/cnma.202100110

[40] Benzoic anhydride as a bifunctional electrolyte additive for hydrogen fluoride capture and robust film construction over high-voltage Li-ion batteries

Sen Jiang, Haihua Wu, Junying Yin, Zhihua Wei, Jiahao Wu, Lai Wei, Dunfeng Gao, Xin Xu, Yunfang Gao 

ChemSusChem 2021, 14 (9), 2067–2075.

DOI: 10.1002/cssc.202100061

[39] Structure sensitivity in single-atom catalysis toward CO2 electroreduction

Dunfeng Gao*, Tianfu Liu, Guoxiong Wang*, Xinhe Bao

ACS Energy Letters 2021, 6 (2), 713–727.

DOI: 10.1021/acsenergylett.0c02665

[38] Designing electrolyzers for electrocatalytic CO2 reduction

Dunfeng Gao*, Pengfei Wei, Hefei Li, Long Lin, Guoxiong Wang*, Xinhe Bao

Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica 2021, 37 (5), 2009021.

DOI: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB202009021


[37] CO2 electrolysis at industrial current densities using anion exchange membrane based electrolyzers

Pengfei Wei, Hefei Li, Long Lin, Dunfeng Gao*, Xiaomin Zhang, Huimin Gong, Guangyan Qing, Rui Cai, Guoxiong Wang*, Xinhe Bao

Science China Chemistry 2020, 63 (12), 1711–1715.

DOI: 10.1007/s11426-020-9825-9

[36] pH dependence of CO2 electroreduction selectivity over size-selected Au nanoparticles

Xiaole Jiang*, Hefei Li, Yaoyue Yang, Dunfeng Gao*

Journal of Materials Science 2020, 55 (28), 13916–13926.

DOI: 10.1007/s10853-020-04983-y

[35] On the activity/selectivity and phase-stability of thermally-grown copper oxides during the electrocatalytic reduction of CO2

Juan-Jesús Velasco-Vélez*, Cheng-Hao Chuang, Dunfeng Gao, Qingjun Zhu, Danail Ivanov, Hyo Sang Jeon, Rosa Arrigo, Rik Valentijn Mom, Eugen Stotz, Heng-Liang Wu, Travis E. Jones, Beatriz Roldan Cuenya, Axel Knop-Gericke, Robert Schlögl

ACS Catalysis 2020, 10 (19), 11510–11518.

DOI: 10.1021/acscatal.0c03484

[34] Revealing the active phase of copper during the electroreduction of CO2 in aqueous electrolyte by correlating in situ X-ray spectroscopy and in situ electron microscopy

Juan-Jesús Velasco-Vélez*, Rik Valentijn Mom, Luis Sandoval, Lorenz J. Falling, Cheng-Hao Chuang, Dunfeng Gao, Travis E. Jones, Qingjun Zhu, Rosa Arrigo, Beatriz Roldan Cuenya, Axel Knop-Gericke, Thomas Lunkenbein, Robert Schlögl

ACS Energy Letters 2020, 5 (6), 2106–2111.

DOI: 10.1021/acsenergylett.0c00802

[33] Enhancing CO2 electroreduction to methane with cobalt phthalocyanine and zinc-nitrogen-carbon tandem catalyst

Long Lin, Tianfu Liu, Jianping Xiao, Hefei Li, Pengfei Wei, Dunfeng Gao, Bing Nan, Rui Si, Guoxiong Wang*, Xinhe Bao

Angewandte Chemie International Edition 2020, 59 (50), 22408–22413.

DOI: 10.1002/anie.202009191

Angewandte Chemie 2020, 132 (50), 22594–22599.

DOI: 10.1002/ange.202009191

[32] In situ reconstruction of hierarchical Sn-Cu/SnOx core/shell catalyst for high-performance CO2 electroreduction

Ke Ye, Zhiwen Zhou, Jiaqi Shao, Long Lin, Dunfeng Gao, Na Ta, Rui Si, Guoxiong Wang*, Xinhe Bao

Angewandte Chemie International Edition 2020, 59 (12), 4814–4821.

DOI: 10.1002/anie.201916538

Angewandte Chemie 2020, 132 (12), 4844–4851.

DOI: 10.1002/ange.201916538

ESI Highly Cited Paper

[31] In situ investigation of reversible exsolution/dissolution of CoFe alloy nanoparticles in a Co-doped Sr2Fe1.5Mo0.5O6−δ cathode for CO2 electrolysis

Houfu Lv, Le Lin, Xiaomin Zhang, Yuefeng Song, Hiroaki Matsumoto, Chaobin Zeng, Na Ta, Wei Liu, Dunfeng Gao, Guoxiong Wang*, Xinhe Bao

Advanced Materials 2020, 32 (6), 1906193.

DOI: 10.1002/adma.201906193

ESI Highly Cited Paper

[30] Copper-indium bimetallic catalysts for the selective electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide

Jiaqi Shao, Yi Wang, Dunfeng Gao, Ke Ye*, Qi Wang*, Guoxiong Wang

Chinese Journal of Catalysis 2020, 41 (9), 1393–1400.

DOI: 10.1016/S1872-2067(20)63577-X

[29] Self-assembled synthesis of waxberry-like open hollow NiCo2S4 with enhanced capacitance for high-performance hybrid asymmetric supercapacitors

Yunfang Gao, Baoliang Wu, Jinpei Hei, Dunfeng Gao, Xin Xu, Zhihua Wei, Haihua Wu*

Electrochimica Acta 2020, 347, 136314.

DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2020.136314

[28] In-situ synthesis of three-dimensionally flower-like Ni3V2O8@carbon nanotubes composite through self-assembling for high performance asymmetric supercapacitors

Yan Zhang, Xin Xu, Yunfang Gao, Dunfeng Gao, Zhihua Wei, Haihua Wu*

Journal of Power Sources 2020, 455, 227985.

DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2020.227985


[27] Selective CO2 electroreduction to ethylene and multicarbon alcohols via electrolyte-driven nanostructuring

Dunfeng Gao, Ilya Sinev, Fabian Scholten, Rosa M. Arán-Ais, Nuria J. Divins, Kristina Kvashnina, Janis Timoshenko, Beatriz Roldan Cuenya*

Angewandte Chemie International Edition 2019, 58 (47), 17047–17053.

DOI: 10.1002/anie.201910155

Angewandte Chemie 2019, 131 (47), 17203–17209.

DOI: 10.1002/ange.201910155

Highlighted by ESRF Spotlight on Science

Indexed in ESRF Highlights 2020

[26] Rational catalyst and electrolyte design for CO2 electroreduction towards multicarbon products

Dunfeng Gao, Rosa M. Arán-Ais, Hyo Sang Jeon, Beatriz Roldan Cuenya*

Nature Catalysis 2019, 2 (3), 198–210.

DOI: 10.1038/s41929-019-0235-5

The most read Review Article in Nature Catalysis 2019

ESI Highly Cited Paper and & Hot Paper

[25] The role of the copper oxidation state in the electrocatalytic reduction of CO2 into hydrocarbons

Juan J. Velasco-Vélez*, Travis Jones, Dunfeng Gao, Emilia Carbonio, Rosa Arrigo, Cheng-Jhih Hsu, Yu-Cheng Huang, Chung-Li Dong, Jin-Ming Chen, Jyh-Fu Lee, Peter Strasser, Beatriz Roldan Cuenya, Robert Schlögl, Axel Knop-Gericke, Cheng-Hao Chuang*

ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 2019, 7 (1), 1485–1492.

DOI: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.8b05106

[24] In situ exsolved FeNi3 nanoparticles on nickel doped Sr2Fe1.5Mo0.5O6–δ perovskite for efficient electrochemical CO2 reduction reaction

Houfu Lv, Le Lin, Xiaomin Zhang, Dunfeng Gao, Yuefeng Song, Yingjie Zhou, Qingxue Liu, Guoxiong Wang*, Xinhe Bao*

Journal of Materials Chemistry A 2019, 7, 11967–11975.

DOI: 10.1039/C9TA03065D


[23] Activity and selectivity control in CO2 electroreduction to multicarbon products over CuOx catalysts via electrolyte design

Dunfeng Gao, Ian T. McCrum, Shyam Deo, Yong-Wook Choi, Fabian Scholten, Weiming Wan, Jingguang G. Chen, Michael J. Janik*, Beatriz Roldan Cuenya*

ACS Catalysis 2018, 8 (11), 10012–10020.

DOI: 10.1021/acscatal.8b02587

[22] Dynamic changes in the structure, chemical state and catalytic selectivity of Cu nanocubes during CO2 electroreduction: size and support effects

Philipp Grosse#, Dunfeng Gao#, Ilya Sinev, Hemma Mistry, Fabian Scholten, Beatriz Roldan Cuenya*

Angewandte Chemie International Edition 2018, 57 (21), 6192–6197.

DOI: 10.1002/anie.201802083

Angewandte Chemie 2018, 130 (21), 6300–6305.

DOI: 10.1002/ange.201802083

ESI Highly Cited Paper

[21] Structure- and electrolyte-sensitivity in CO2 electroreduction

Rosa M. Arán-Ais#, Dunfeng Gao#, Beatriz Roldan Cuenya*

Accounts of Chemical Research 2018, 51 (11), 2906–2917.

DOI: 10.1021/acs.accounts.8b00360

[20] Pd-containing nanostructures for electrochemical CO2 reduction reaction

Dunfeng Gao, Hu Zhou, Fan Cai, Jianguo Wang, Guoxiong Wang*, Xinhe Bao*

ACS Catalysis 2018, 8 (2), 1510–1519.

DOI: 10.1021/acscatal.7b03612

ESI Highly Cited Paper

[19] Pd/C catalysts for CO2 electroreduction to CO: Pd loading effect

Dunfeng Gao, Chengcheng Yan, Guoxiong Wang*, Xinhe Bao*

Journal of Electrochemistry 2018, 24 (6), 757–765.

DOI: 10.13208/j.electrochem.180845

[18] Carbon dioxide electroreduction over imidazolate ligands coordinated with Zn(II) center in ZIFs

Xiaole Jiang, Haobo Li, Jianping Xiao, Dunfeng Gao, Rui Si, Fan Yang, Yanshuo Li*, Guoxiong Wang*, Xinhe Bao*

Nano Energy 2018, 52, 345–350.

DOI: 10.1016/j.nanoen.2018.07.047

[17] Selective CO2 electroreduction over oxide-derived gallium Catalyst

Chengcheng Yan, Long Lin, Dunfeng Gao, Guoxiong Wang*, Xinhe Bao*

Journal of Materials Chemistry A 2018, 6, 19743–19749.

DOI: 10.1039/C8TA08613C


[16] Enhancing CO2 electroreduction with the metal-oxide interface

Dunfeng Gao#, Yi Zhang#, Zhiwen Zhou#, Fan Cai, Xinfei Zhao, Wugen Huang, Yangsheng Li, Junfa Zhu, Ping Liu, Fan Yang*, Guoxiong Wang*, Xinhe Bao*

Journal of the American Chemical Society 2017, 139 (16), 5652–5655.

DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b00102

Highlighted by Lin Zhuang, Acta Phys. -Chim. Sin. 2017, 33 (7), 1271-1272.

ESI Highly Cited Paper & Hot Paper

[15] Plasma-activated copper nanocube catalysts for efficient carbon dioxide electroreduction to hydrocarbons and alcohols

Dunfeng Gao#, Ioannis Zegkinoglou#, Nuria J. Divins, Fabian Scholten, Ilya Sinev, Philipp Grosse, Beatriz Roldan Cuenya*

ACS Nano 2017, 11 (5), 4825–4831.

DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.7b01257

ESI Highly Cited Paper

[14] Improved CO2 electroreduction performance on plasma-activated Cu catalysts via electrolyte design: halide effect

Dunfeng Gao, Fabian Scholten, Beatriz Roldan Cuenya*

ACS Catalysis 2017, 7 (8), 5112–5120.

DOI: 10.1021/acscatal.7b01416

[13] Switchable CO2 electroreduction via engineering active phases of Pd nanoparticles

Dunfeng Gao#, Hu Zhou#, Fan Cai#, Dongniu Wang, Yongfeng Hu, Bei Jiang, Wen-Bin Cai, Xiaoqi Chen, Rui Si, Fan Yang, Shu Miao, Jianguo Wang*, Guoxiong Wang*, Xinhe Bao*

Nano Research 2017, 10 (6), 2181–2191.

DOI: 10.1007/s12274-017-1514-6

[12] Nanostructured heterogeneous catalysts for electrochemical reduction of CO2

Dunfeng Gao, Fan Cai, Guoxiong Wang*, Xinhe Bao*

Current Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry 2017, 3, 39–44.

DOI: 10.1016/j.cogsc.2016.10.004

[11] Electrochemical promotion of catalysis over Pd nanoparticles for CO2 reduction

Fan Cai, Dunfeng Gao, Hu Zhou, Guoxiong Wang*, Ting He, Huimin Gong, Shu Miao, Fan Yang, Jianguo Wang, Xinhe Bao*

Chemical Science 2017, 8, 2569–2573.

DOI: 10.1039/C6SC04966D

[10] Effect of metal deposition sequence in carbon-supported Pd-Pt catalysts on activity towards CO2 electroreduction to formate

Fan Cai, Dunfeng Gao, Rui Si, Yifan Ye, Ting He, Shu Miao, Guoxiong Wang*, Xinhe Bao

Electrochemistry Communications 2017, 76, 1–5.

DOI: 10.1016/j.elecom.2017.01.009


[9] Highly selective palladium-copper bimetallic electrocatalysts for the electrochemical reduction of CO2 to CO

Zhen Yin#, Dunfeng Gao#, Siyu Yao, Bo Zhao, Fan Cai, LiLi Lin, Pei Tang, Guoxiong Wang*, Ding Ma*, Xinhe Bao

Nano Energy 2016, 27, 35–43.

DOI: 10.1016/j.nanoen.2016.06.035

[8] Silicon carbide supported iron nanoparticles encapsulated in nitrogen-carbon for oxygen reduction reaction

Jiayuan Li, Jing Wang, Dunfeng Gao, Xingyun Li, Shu Miao, Guoxiong Wang*, Xinhe Bao*

Catalysis Science & Technology 2016, 6, 2949–2954.

DOI: 10.1039/C5CY01539A

[7] Electrocatalytic reduction of carbon dioxide over reduced nanoporous zinc oxide

Xiaole Jiang, Fan Cai, Dunfeng Gao, Jinhu Dong, Shu Miao, Guoxiong Wang*, Xinhe Bao*

Electrochemistry Communications 2016, 68, 67–70.

DOI: 10.1016/j.elecom.2016.05.003


[6] Size-dependent electrocatalytic reduction of CO2 over Pd nanoparticles

Dunfeng Gao#, Hu Zhou#, Jing Wang, Shu Miao, Fan Yang, Guoxiong Wang*, Jianguo Wang*, Xinhe Bao

Journal of the American Chemical Society 2015, 137 (13), 4288–4291.

DOI: 10.1021/jacs.5b00046

ESI Highly Cited Paper

[5] pH effect on electrocatalytic reduction of CO2 over Pd and Pt nanoparticles

Dunfeng Gao, Jing Wang, Haihua Wu, Xiaole Jiang, Shu Miao, Guoxiong Wang*, Xinhe Bao

Electrochemistry Communications 2015, 55, 1–5.

DOI: 10.1016/j.elecom.2015.03.008

[4] High-density iron nanoparticles encapsulated within nitrogen-doped carbon nanoshell as efficient oxygen electrocatalyst for zinc-air battery

Jing Wang, Haihua Wu, Dunfeng Gao, Shu Miao, Guoxiong Wang*, Xinhe Bao*

Nano Energy 2015, 13, 387–396.

DOI: 10.1016/j.nanoen.2015.02.025

ESI Highly Cited Paper

[3] Ball-milling MoS2/carbon black hybrid material for catalyzing hydrogen evolution reaction in acid medium

Jiayuan Li, Dunfeng Gao, Jing Wang, Shu Miao, Guoxiong Wang*, Xinhe Bao*

Journal of Energy Chemistry 2015, 24 (5), 608–613.

DOI: 10.1016/j.jechem.2015.08.003


[2] Gas-phase electrocatalytic reduction of carbon dioxide using electrolytic cell based on phosphoric acid-doped ploybenzimidazole membrane

Dunfeng Gao, Fan Cai, Qinqin Xu, Guoxiong Wang*, Xiulian Pan, Xinhe Bao*

Journal of Energy Chemistry 2014, 23 (6), 694–700.

DOI: 10.1016/S2095-4956(14)60201-1

[1] Cobalt nanoparticles encapsulated in nitrogen-doped carbon as a bifunctional catalyst for water electrolysis

Jing Wang, Dunfeng Gao, Guoxiong Wang*, Shu Miao, Haihua Wu, Jiayuan Li, Xinhe Bao*

Journal of Materials Chemistry A 2014, 2, 20067–20074.

DOI: 10.1039/C4TA04337E

Book Chapter

Inorganic catalysis for methane conversion to chemicals

Xiulian Pan, Xinhe Bao, Guangzong Fang, Dunfeng Gao, Guoxiong Wang

Comprehensive Inorganic Chemistry III, edited by Jan Reedijk and Kenneth Poeppelmeie, Elsevier, 2021, pp.

Editorial Service

Nano Research, Young Star Editor, 2021.05-2023.05

Transactions of Tianjin University, Early Career Editorial Board Member, 2021.01-2023.12

Journal Reviewer

ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, ACS Catalysis, ACS Energy Letters, Angewandte Chemie, Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, Applied Science, Catalysis Communications, Catalysts, ChemElectroChem, Chemical Communications, Chemical Science, ChemistrySelect, Chinese Journal of Catalysis, Communications Chemistry, Energies, Frontiers in Chemistry, InfoMat, Ionics, JACS, Journal of CO2 Utilization, Journal of Energy Chemistry, Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, Journal of Power Sources, Nanomaterials, Nature Catalysis, Nature Reviews Methods Primers, New Journal of Chemistry, Surfaces, Sustainable Energy & Fuels


Prof. Beatriz Roldan Cuenya (Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society)



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