基本信息
张元明  男  博导  中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所
电子邮件: zhangym@ms.xjb.ac.cn
通信地址: 新疆乌鲁木齐市北京南路818号
邮政编码: 830011

招生信息

硕、博士生导师


招生专业
071300-生态学
招生方向
干旱区植物生态

教育背景

1999-07--2002-07   中科院沈阳应用生态研究所   理学博士
1995-07--1998-08   中科院新疆生态与地理研究所   植物学硕士
学历

研究生

学位
博士

工作经历

   
工作简历
2009-12~现在, 中科院新疆生态与地理研究所, 院重点实验室主任、所长助理
2003-04~现在, 中科院新疆生态与地理研究所, 研究员、研究室主任
2002-03~2003-03,中科院新疆生态与地理研究所, 副研究员
1998-09~现在, 中科院新疆生态与地理研究所, 助理研究员
社会兼职
2014-05-13-今,干旱区研究杂志, 副主编
2014-05-07-今,生物多样性杂志, 编委
2014-04-23-2020-08-26,新疆植物学会, 副理事长、秘书长

专利与奖励

   
奖励信息
(1) 中国科学院王宽诚西部学者突出贡献奖, 部委级, 2014
(2) 新疆天山申遗, 一等奖, 省级, 2013
(3) 中青年科技创新领军人才, 国家级, 2013
(4) 准噶尔生物多样性及其与环境相互作用关系研究, 三等奖, 省级, 2011
(5) 典型温带荒漠区原生植被对环境变化的响应与适应研究, 一等奖, 省级, 2009
(6) 荒漠地表生物结皮形成机制及其生态功能研究, 三等奖, 省级, 2006
专利成果
( 1 ) 一种沙漠生物结皮土壤磨片的取样方法, 发明, 2013, 第 1 作者, 专利号: ZL 2011 1 0165083 6
( 2 ) 用于生物结皮原状样品取样装置, 实用新型, 2011, 第 1 作者, 专利号: ZL 2011 2 0207577.1
( 3 ) 一种齿肋赤藓原丝体的培养与保存方法, 发明, 2013, 第 1 作者, 专利号: 2011 0084559.3

出版信息

   
发表论文
(1) Sensitivity of the xerophytic moss Syntrichia caninervis to chronic simulated nitrogen deposition, Annals of Botany, 2016, 第 1 作者
(2) Growth responses of five desert plants as influenced by biological soil crusts from a temperate desert, China, Ecological Research, 2015, 第 1 作者
(3) Rapid adjustment of leaf angle explains how the desert moss, Syntrichia caninervis, copes with multiple resource limitations during rehydration, Functional Plant Biology, 2014, 通讯作者
(4) Diurnal variations of chlorophyll fluorescence and CO2 exchange of biological soil crusts in different successional stages in the Gurbantunggut Desert of north-western China, Ecological Research, 2014, 通讯作者
(5) Sensitivity of growth and biomass allocation patterns to increasing nitrogen: a comparison between ephemerals and annuals in the Gurbantunggut Desert, north-western China, Annals of Botany, 2013, 通讯作者
(6) Carbon flux in deserts depends on soil cover type: A case study in the Gurbantunggute desert, North China, Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 2013, 通讯作者
(7) Non-linear response of microbial activity across a gradient of nitrogen addition to a soil from the Gurbantunggut Desert, northwestern China, Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 2012, 通讯作者
(8) Characteristics of carbon flux in two biologically crusted soils in the Gurbantunggut Desert, Northwestern China, Catena, 2012, 通讯作者
(9) Effects of leaf hair points of a desert moss on water retention and dew formation: implications for desiccation tolerance, Journal of Plant Research, 2012, 通讯作者
(10) 生物土壤结皮对准噶尔盆地5种荒漠植物幼苗生长与元素吸收的影响, 植物生态学报, 2011, 第 1 作者
(11) Nonlinear response of microbial activity across a gradient of nitrogen addition to a soil of the Gurbantunggut Desert, northwestern China, Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 2011, 通讯作者
(12) Distribution and Composition of Cyanobacteria and Microalgae Associated with Biological Soil Crusts in the Gurbantunggut Desert, China, Arid Land Research and Management, 2011, 通讯作者
(13) Photosynthetic and cytological recovery on remoistening Syntrichia caninervis Mitt., a desiccation-tolerant moss from Northwestern China, Photosynthetica, 2011, 通讯作者
(14) Species composition, distribution patterns and ecological functions of biological soil crusts in the Gurbantunggut Desert, Journal of Arid Land, 2010, 第 1 作者
(15) Combined effects of nitrogen deposition and water stress on growth and physiological responses of two annual desert plants in northwestern China, Environmental and Experimental Botany, 2010, 通讯作者
(16) The Role of Nonphotosynthetic Microbes in the Recovery of Biological Soil Crusts in the Gurbantunggut Desert, Northwestern China, Arid land research and management, 2010, 通讯作者
(17) 模拟氮沉降和干旱对准噶尔盆地两种一年生荒漠植物生长和光合生理的影响,  植物生态学报, 2010, 通讯作者
(18) 荒漠地表生物土壤结皮形成与演替特征概述, 生态学报, 2010, 第 1 作者
(19) 脱水对生物结皮中齿肋赤藓光合色素含量和叶绿体结构的影响, 中国沙漠, 2010, 通讯作者
(20) 古尔班通古特沙漠生物土壤结皮影响下的土壤酶分布特征, 中国沙漠, 2010, 通讯作者
(21) The influence of biological soil crusts on dew deposition in Gurbantunggut Desert, Northwestern China,  Journal of Hydrology, 2009, 通讯作者
(22) Comparative study of nitrogenase activity in different types of biological soil crusts in the Gurbantunggut Desert, Northwestern China, Journal of Arid Environments, 2009, 通讯作者
(23) Microalgal species variation at different successional stages in biological soil crusts of the Gurbantunggut Desert, Northwestern China, Biology and Fertility of Soils, 2009, 通讯作者
(24) The variation of morphological features and mineralogical components of biological soil crusts in the Gurbantunggut Desert of Northwestern China, Environmental Geology, 2009, 通讯作者
(25) The spatial distribution patterns of biological soil crusts in the Gurbantunggut Desert, Northern Xinjiang, China, Journal of Arid Environments, 2007, 第 1 作者
(26) The microstructure of microbiotic crust and its influence on wind erosion for a sandy soil surface in the Gurbantunggut Desert of Northwestern China, Geoderma, 2006, 第 1 作者
(27) Distribution and floristics of desert plant communities in the lower reaches of Tarim River, southern Xinjiang, People’s Republic of China, Journal of Arid Environments, 2005, 第 1 作者
(28) The microstructure and formation of biological soil crusts in their early developmental stage, Chinese Science Bulletin, 2005, 第 1 作者
发表著作
( 1 ) 准噶尔荒漠生物结皮研究, Research on Biological Soil Crust in Jungar Basin, 科学出报社, 2008-05, 第 1 作者
( 2 ) 中亚植物资源及其利用, Plant Resources and Utilization in Central Asia, 气象出版社, 2014-05, 第 1 作者

科研活动

   
科研项目
( 1 ) 干旱区碳同化过程与地气界面碳交换, 主持, 国家级, 2009-01--2014-12
( 2 ) 准噶尔荒漠生物多样性保育研究, 主持, 部委级, 2005-01--2008-12
( 3 ) 生物结皮的人工培养及其对受损荒漠地表的生态修复, 主持, 国家级, 2013-01--2016-12
( 4 ) 生物土壤结皮群落属性对生态系统多功能性的影响, 主持, 国家级, 2016-01--2019-12
( 5 ) 天山北坡重要生物物种多样性保育与资源利用, 主持, 部委级, 2016-01--2019-12

合作情况