Research Areas

   Freshwater Ecology


I recieved a PhD in limnology in 2000 from University of Vienna, Austria


Work Experience
I am a research professor at Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (Nanjing). I am also a professor at the Sino-Danish Center for Ecducation and Research, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Beijing).

Teaching Experience
I teach several courses, e.g. Limnology (at Nanjing), Freshwater Ecosystem Restoration and Management (at Beijing).



de Kluijver, A., Ning, J., Liu, Z., Jeppesen, E., Gulati, R. D., & Middelburg, J. J. (2015). Macrophytes and periphyton carbon subsidies to bacterioplankton and zooplankton in a shallow eutrophic lake in tropical China. Limnology and Oceanography, 60(2), 375-385. 

Xiufeng Zhang & Xueying Mei & Ramesh D. Gulati & Zhengwen Liu. 2015. Effects of N and P enrichment on competition between phytoplankton and benthic algae in shallow lakes: a mesocosm study. Environ Sci Pollut Res  22:4418–4424

He, H., Zhu, X., Song, X., Jeppesen, E., & Liu, Z. (2015). Phytoplankton response to winter warming modified by large-bodied zooplankton: an experimental microcosm study. Journal of Limnology, 74(3): 618-622.

Liu, G., Liu, Z., Smoak, J. M., & Gu, B. (2015). The dynamics of cladoceran assemblages in response to eutrophication and planktivorous fish introduction in Lake Chenghai, a plateau saline lake. Quaternary International, 355, 188-193.

Luo, X., Liu, Z., & Gulati, R. D. (2015). Cyanobacterial carbon supports the growth and reproduction of Daphnia: an experimental study. Hydrobiologia, 743(1), 211-220.

He, H., Kang, Y., & Liu, Z. (2015). Nitrogen inputs enhance phytoplankton growth during sediment resuspension events: a mesocosm study. Hydrobiologia, 744(1), 297-305.

Rao, W., Ning, J., Zhong, P., Jeppesen, E., & Liu, Z. (2015). Size-dependent feeding of omnivorous Nile tilapia in a macrophyte-dominated lake: implications for lake management. Hydrobiologia, 749(1), 125-134.

Yongdong, Z., Yaling, S., Zhengwen, L., Xiangchao, C., Jinlei, Y., Xiaodan, D., & Miao, J. (2015). Long-chain n-alkenes in recent sediment of Lake Lugu (SW China) and their ecological implications. Limnologica-Ecology and Management of Inland Waters, 52, 30-40.

Yongdong, Z., Yaling, S., Zhengwen, L., Xiangchao, C., Jinlei, Y., Xiaodan, D., & Miao, J. (2015). Sediment lipid biomarkers record increased eutrophication in Lake Fuxian (China) during the past 150 years. Journal of Great Lakes Research, 41(1), 30-40.

Liu, G., Liu, Z., Gu, B., Smoak, J. M., & Zhang, Z. (2014). How important are trophic state, macrophyte and fish population effects on cladoceran community? A study in Lake Erhai. Hydrobiologia, 736(1), 189-204.

González-Bergonzoni, I., Vidal, N., Wang, B., Ning, D., Liu, Z., & Jeppesen, E., et al. (2014). General validation of formalin-preserved fish samples in foodweb studies using stable isotopes. Methods in Ecology & Evolution, 6(3), 307–314.

Gao, Jian, Zhengwen Liu & Erik Jeppesen. 2014. Fish community assemblages changed but biomass remained similar after lake restoration by biomanipulation in a Chinese tropical eutrophic lake. Hydrobiologia 724(1): 127-140.

Zhang, Xiufeng, Zhengwen Liu, Erik Jeppesen, & William D. Taylor. Effects of deposit-feeding tubificid worms and filter-feeding bivalves on benthic-pelagic coupling: implications for the restoration of eutrophic shallow lakes, Water Research. 50: 135–146.

Liu, Zhengwen, Bo-Ping Han, & Ramesh D. Gulati. 2013. Preface: Conservation, management, and restoration of shallow lake ecosystems facing multiple stressors. Hydrobiologia 710: 1-2.

Chen, F., T. Shu, E. Jeppesen, Z. Liu, & Y. Chen. 2013. Restoration of a subtropical eutrophic shallow lake in China: effects on nutrient concentrations and biological communities. Hydrobiologia: 718(1), 59-71.

Liu, G., Liu, Z., Chen, F., Zhang, Z., Gu, B., & Smoak, J. M. 2013. Response of the cladoceran community to eutrophication, fish introductions and degradation of the macrophyte vegetation in Lake Dianchi, a large, shallow plateau lake in southwestern China. Limnology 14:159–166.

Ning, J., H. Zhang, X. Li, P. Zhong, Y. Tang, & Z. Liu. 2013. Characteristics of stable nitrogen isotopes in particulate organic matter and periphyton of a subtropical Chinese watercourse, the Dashahe River. Knowledge and Management of Aquatic Ecosystems: 410: 09.

Nielsen, Anders, Dennis Trolle, Wang Me, Liancong Luo, Bo-Ping Han, Zhengwen Liu, Jørgen E. Olesen, and Erik Jeppesen. 2013. Assessing ways to combat eutrophication in a Chinese drinking water reservoir using SWAT. Marine and Freshwater Research 64 (5): 475-492.

Li, Kuanyi, Zenghong Xu, Zhengwen Liu & Binhe Gu. 2013. Stable isotope enrichment, dietary sources and trophic overlap between silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) and bighead carp (Aristichthys nobilis). Aquaculture 402–403: 8–12.

Zhang, Xiufeng, Zhengwen Liu, Ramesh D. Gulati, and Erik Jeppesen. 2013. The effect of benthic algae on phosphorus exchange between sediment and overlying water in shallow lakes: a microcosm study using 32P as a tracer. Hydrobiologia  710:109–116.

Li, Jing, Feizhou Chen, Zhengwen Liu, Kuidong Xu & Biying Zhao. 2013. Compositional differences among planktonic ciliate communities in four subtropical eutrophic lakes in China. Limnology 14(1): 105-116.

Chen, Feizhou, Xi Dai, Tingting Shu, Ramesh D. Gulati, & Zhengwen Liu. 2013. Microcystins derived from lysing Microcystis cells do not cause negative effects on crustacean zooplankton in Lake Taihu, China. Aquatic Ecology 47(4):  379-387.

Ning, J., H. Pan, , F. Chen & Z. Liu. 2013. Phosphorus release of metazoan zooplankton in two bays with different trophic status in Lake Taihu (China). Knowledge and Management of Aquatic Ecosystems 409:02

Bakker, Elisabeth S., Judith M. Sarneel, Ramesh D. Gulati, Zhengwen Liu & Ellen van Donk, 2013. Restoring macrophyte diversity in shallow temperate lakes: biotic versus abiotic constraints. Hydrobiologia 710:23–37.

Yu, J., Y. Li, X. Liu, K. Li, F. Chen, R. Gulati & Z. Liu. 2013. The fate of cyanobacterial detritus in the food web of Lake Taihu: a mesocosm study using 13C and 15N labeling. Hydrobiologia 710:39–46.

Kang, Y., X. Song & Z. Liu, 2013. Sediment resuspension dampens the effect of nutrient inputs on the phytoplankton community: a mesocosm experiment study. Hydrobiologia 710:117–127.

Moss, Brian, Erik Jeppesen, Martin Søndergaard, Torben L. Lauridsen, Zhengwen Liu2013. Nitrogen, macrophytes, shallow lakes and nutrient limitation: resolution of a current controversy? Hydrobiologia 710: 3-21.

Jeppesen, Erik, Martin Søndergaard, Torben L. Lauridsen, Thomas A. Davidson, Zhengwen Liu, Nestor Mazzeo, Carolina Trochine, Korhan Özkan, Henning S. Jensen,, Dennis Trolle, Fernando Starling, Xavier Lazzaro, Liselotte S. Johansson, Rikke Bjerring, Lone Liboriussen, Søren E. Larsen, Frank Landkildehus, Sara Egemose, Mariana Meerhoff, 2012, Biomanipulation as a Restoration Tool to Combat Eutrophication: Recent Advances and Future Challenges. Advances in Ecological Research 47: 411–488.

Kluijver, Anna de, Jinlei Yu, Marco Houtekamer, Jack J. Middelburg, and Zhengwen Liu. 2012. Cyanobacteria as a carbon source for zooplankton in eutrophic Lake Taihu, China, measured by 13C labeling and fatty acid biomarkers. Limnology & Oceanography 57(4): 1245–1254.

Jeppesen E, M. Meerhoff, K. Holmgren I. González-Bergonzoni , F. Teixeira-de Mello, S. A.J. Declerck, L.De Meester, M. Søndergaard, T. L. Lauridsen, R. Bjerring, J. M. Conde-Porcuna, N. Mazzeo, C. Iglesias, M. Reizenstein, H. J. Malmquist, Z.W Liu, D. Balayla & X. Lazzaro. 2010. Impacts of climate warming on lake fish community structure and potential ecosystem effects. Hydrobiologia 646:73-90.

Chen, Feizhou, Ramesh D. Gulati, Jing Li & Zhengwen Liu. 2011. A comparison of the size distribution of the filamentous green alga Ulothrix in Daphnia guts and lake water from Lake Taihu, China. Journal of Plankton Research, 33:1274-1283. 

Zhang, Xiufeng, & Zhengwen Liu. Interspecific competition efects on phosphorus accumulation by Hydrilla verticillata and Vallisneria natans. Journal of Environmental Sciences. 2011, 23(8): 1274-1278 .

Moss  B., S. Kosten, M. Meerhoff  R.W., Battarbee,  E. Jeppesen, N. Mazzeo, K. E. Havens, G. Lacerot, ZW. Liu, L. De Meester, H. Paerl and M. Scheffer, 2011.  Allied attack: climate change and nutrient pollution. Inland Waters 1: 101-105.

Zhang, L., K. Li, Z. Liu* & J. J. Middelburg, 2010. Sedimented cyanobacterial detritus as a source of nutrient for submerged macrophytes (Vallisneria spiralis and Elodea nuttallii): An isotope labeling experiment using 15N. Limnology & Oceanography. 55(5): 1912–1917.

Li, K., Z. Liu* & Binhe Gu. 2010. Compensatory growth of a submerged macrophyte (Vallisneria spiralis) in response to partial leaf removal: effects of sediment nutrient levels. Aquatic Ecology 44 (4): 701-707.

Li, K., Z. Liu* & B. Guan, 2010. Effects of nutrient levels in surface water and sediment on the growth of the floating-leaved macrophyte Trapa maximowiczii: implication for management of macrophytes in East Bay of Lake Taihu, China. Limnology 11(2): 95-101.

Li, K., Z. Liu* & Binhe Gu, 2010. The fate of cyanobacterial blooms in vegetated and unvegetated sediments of a shallow eutrophic lake: a stable isotope tracer study. Water Research 44: 1591 – 1597.

Song, X., Z. Liu*, G. Yang & Y. Chen, 2010. Effects of resuspension and eutrophication level on summer phytoplankton dynamics in two hypertrophic areas of Lake Taihu, China. Aquatic Ecology 44:41–54.

Sommaruga. R. Y. Chen & Z. Liu. 2009. Multiple Strategies of Bloom-Forming Microcystis to Minimize Damage by Solar Ultraviolet Radiation in Surface Waters. Microbial Ecology 57:667–674.

Li, K., Z. Liu* & B. Gu, 2009. Density-dependent effects of snail grazing on the growth of a submerged macrophyte, Vallisneria spiralisEcological Complexity 6 (4): 438-442.

Li. K., Z. Liu*, Y. Hu & H. Yang, 2009. Snail herbivory on submerged macrophytes and the nutrient release: Implication for the macrophyte management. Ecological Engineering 35: 1664–1667.

Huang, P., & Z. Liu*, 2009. The effect of a wave-reduction engineering on sediment resuspension in a large shallow eutrophic lake (Lake Taihu)Ecological Engineering 35: 1619–1623

Liu, G., Z. Liu*, Y. Li, F. Chen, B. Gu & J. M. Smoak. 2009. Effects of fish introduction and eutrophication on the cladoceran community in Lake Fuxian, a deep oligotrophic lake in southwest China. Journal of Paleolimnology. 42:427–435.

Li. K., Z. Liu*, B. Gu, 2008. Persistence of clear water in a nutrient-impacted region of Lake Taihu: The role of periphyton grazing by snails. Fundamental and Applied Limnology: 173(1): 15–20.

Huang, P., B. Han & Z. Liu*, 2007. Floating-leaved macrophyte (Trapa quadrispinosa Roxb) beds have significant effects on sediment resuspension in Lake Taihu, ChinaHydrobiologia 581:189–193.

Wu. Q., Y. Chen, K. Xu, Z. Liu & M. Hahn, 2007. Intra-habitat heterogeneity of microbial food web structure under the regime of eutrophication and sediment resuspension in the large subtropical shallow Lake Taihu, China. Hydrobiologia 581:241–254.

Qin., B., Z. Liu & K. Havens, 2007. Preface: eutrophication of shallow lakes. Hydrobiologia 581:1-2.

Liu, Z., D. Haeder & R. Sommaruga, 2004. Occurrence of mycosporine-like amino acids (MAAs) in the bloom-forming cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosaJournal of Plankton Research. 26(8): 963-966.

Liu, Z., Q. Wu, Y. Hu & K. Li. 2002. Diel vertical distribution of Leptodora kindti and its prey Diaphanosoma dubiaJournal of Freshwater Ecology 17: 337-339.

Liu, Z., 2001. Diet of a zooplanktivorous icefish Neosalanx pseudotaihuensis Zhang. Hydrobiologia 459: 51-56. 

Liu, Z., 2001. Changes in abundance of the icefish Neosalanx pseudotaihuensis Zhang (Salangidae) and the impacts on the zooplankton community of Xujiahe Reservoir (central China)Hydrobiologia 445:193-198.

Liu, Z., A. Herzig & F. Schiemer. 2000. Growth of the icefish Neosalanx pseudotaihuensis in Xujiahe Reservoir, central China. Environmental Biology of Fishes 59(2): 219-227.

Liu, Z. & A. Herzig, 1996. Food and feeding behaviour of a zooplanktivorous cyprinid, Pelecus cultratus (L.), in a shallow eutrophic lake, Neusiedler See (Austria). Hydrobiologia 333:71-77.

Liu, Z. & Y. Hu. 2001. Vertical distribution of the dominant planktonic crustaceans in a mesotrophic reservoir, Xujiahe Reservoir (central China). Limnologica 31171-178. .


Research Interests

My research areas include food webs, eutrophication process and ecosystem restoration of lakes


I was the organizer of 7th Internantional Conference of Shallow Lakes, and will organize XXXIV SIL Congress at Nanjing in 2018.


My main international collaborators including colleagues from Denmark and Netherlands.



潘宏凯  02  19144  

宋晓兰  02  19144  

李宽意  01  19144  

刘桂民  01  19144  

宋晓兰  01  19144  

张镇  01  19144  

张雷燕  01  19367  

张强  01  19367  

杨柳  02  19367  

康玉辉  01  19367  

李静  01  19367  

何虎  01  19367  

胡恩  01  19367  


甄伟  01  19367  

杨柳  01  19367  

王倩红  02  67011  

张秀梅  01  19367  

Honors & Distinctions